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Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime came into force on July 1, 2004, providing another vehicle through which to harmonize divergent state cyber crime laws.  Meanwhile, the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (“APEC”) leaders have also agreed to strengthen their respective economies ability to combat cyber crime by enacting domestic legislation consistent with the provisions of international legal instruments, including the Convention on Cyber Crime (2001).244  Similarly, the Organization of American States (“OAS”) approved on April 28-30, 2004 a resolution which stated that member states should “evaluate the advisability of implementing the principles of the 2001 Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime and consider the possibility of acceding to that convention…Based on the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime and the UNGAR, we may reach our goal of a global legal framework against cybercrime.”245 Another subsequent UNGAR was adopted in 2000 on combating the criminal misuse of information technologies.  The language in this non-binding resolution includes the passage that “States should ensure that their laws and practice eliminate safe havens for those who criminally misuse information technologies…legal systems should protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and computer systems from unauthorized impairment and ensure that criminal abuse is penalized.”246 Together, these regional initiatives and accords have made important progress in the fight to unify diverse national cyber criminal law into the beginnings of a global regime regulating cyber terrorism.

244 Convention on Cybercrime. Budapest, 23.XI.2001.

245 Website of the Organization of American States: www.oas.org.  Last visited: 01/28/2008.

246 Dec. 4, 2000 (A/res/55/63).  Available at : http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N00/563/17/PDF/N0056317.pdf?OpenElement.  Last visited: 01/28/2008.

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