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Investigate Topography and Climate

Climate: the Mediterranean climate, with its wet winter months (October to mid-April) and dry summer (June to September), prevailing west wind coming off the sea, and scorching east winds from the desert contribute to the introduction of irrigation systems, thick-walled architecture, seasonal warfare, and a farming economy based on wheat, grapes, and olives.  

Settlement patterns tend to cluster initially in regions of higher annual rainfall and eventually expand to more mountainous or arid regions due to population, economic, and political pressure

Topography: the physical terrain of Canaan contains several distinct zones (coastal plain, Shephelah plateau, Central Hill Country, Jordan Valley, Negeb wilderness) in a small total area (60 miles wide by 150 miles long).

This allows for great variation in settlement patterns from rural to urban, semi-nomadic, and seasonal.  Natural defenses and proximity to trade routes and natural resources are also factors in the placement of cities.

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