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independent of one another. Single and double flowered varieties are available, both having quite large blossoms that are 3-5 in (8 - 13 cm) across. After flowering a round, hairy capsule forms which dries and releases fuzzy seeds, a trait that inspired one of the plants common names, rose cotton as the buds resemble the boll of cotton.

Hibiscus mutabilis



Family: Malvaceae

Names: Chinese rose, confederate rose; mu fu rong hua; mu fu rong, Changeable rose mallow; Shoublak (Creole); Papo, Palo de la reina, Pejo, Tap; Botan, Changing Rose, Chiu K'Uei, Dixie Rosemallow , Fu Rong Ye, Mu Fu Jung, Mu Fu Jung Yeh, Ti Fu Jung, Waru Landak,

Description: The confederate rose is a large shrub or small multistemmed tree that grows to 15 ft high with about a 10 ft spread. The large leaves are 5 - 7 in, bright green, hairy on the undersides and deeply lobed. In full bloom starting in late summer and on into fall. The flowers open pure white and change color over a three-day period until they are deep pink and then as they die assume a dark "blue-pink" hue. The most notable characteristic is that flowers of three distinct colors appear on the bush simultaneously as the blooms color cycle

Cultivation: Prefers a well-drained humus rich fertile soil in full sun. Prefers a warm but wet winter. The plant can probably be grown outdoors in the mildest areas of the country especially if given a good mulch in the winter. It is widely cultivated in tropical and occasionally in temperate areas as an ornamental plant, there are many named varieties. Sow seed early spring in a warm greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If growing them as annuals, plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and protect them with a frame or cloche until they are growing away well. If hoping to grow them as perennials, then it is better to grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year and to plant them out in early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Overwinter them in a warm greenhouse and plant out after the last expected frosts.

Properties: Antiphlogistic; Depurative; Expectorant; Febrifuge.


Constituents: hyperoside,

Flowers rutin,

contain isoquercitrin, quercetin-4-glucoside,

quercimeritrin and quercetin.




The red dye cyaniding-3-

sambubioside, and cyanidin-3,5-diglucoside.

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