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Soft Program Impacts ............................................................................................... 51 Model Output............................................................................................................ 53 Customizing the Model............................................................................................. 55 Analysis Examples........................................................................................................ 59 Hard Program Impacts: Transit Fare Subsidy........................................................... 59 Soft and Hard Program Impacts................................................................................ 63 Conclusions....................................................................................................................... 70

References......................................................................................................................... 71

List of Tables

Table 1 New Zealand Transfund TDM Benefits and Costs............................................. 11 Table 2 U-Pass Program Evaluation................................................................................. 18 Table 3 Pollution Costs..................................................................................................... 22 Table 4 ROI of BART Promotional Campaign ................................................................ 24 Table 5 SOV Cost Externalities........................................................................................ 40 Table 6 Analysis Example Base Case Scenario Assumptions.......................................... 59

List of Figures

Figure 1 EPA COMMUTER V 2.0 Estimating Procedure................................................. 6 Figure 2 Model Flowchart ................................................................................................ 32 Figure 3 Demand for SOV trips........................................................................................ 44 Figure 4 TRIMMS – Inner Layout................................................................................... 48 Figure 5 TRIMMS – Base Case Scenario Worksheet ...................................................... 49 Figure 6 TRIMMS - Financial Incentive Worksheet........................................................ 50 Figure 7 TRIMMS – Travel Time Improvements Worksheet.......................................... 51 Figure 8 TRIMMS – Step by Step Soft Program Evaluation ........................................... 53 Figure 9 TRIMMS – Model Output.................................................................................. 54 Figure 10 TRIMMS – Model Parameters Modification ................................................... 56 Figure 11 TRIMMS – Price and Travel Time Elasticity Parameters Modification.......... 57 Figure 12 TRIMMS - User Supplied Final Mode Shares................................................. 58 Figure 13 TRIMMS – Transit Fare Subsidy..................................................................... 60 Figure 14 TRIMMS - Transit Fare Subsidy Impact......................................................... 60 Figure 15 TRIMMS – Transit Subsidy and Parking Surcharge........................................ 61 Figure 16 TRIMMS – Transit Subsidy and Parking Surcharge Impacts.......................... 62 Figure 17 TRIMMS – Transit Subsidy and Parking Surcharge Final Mode Share Impacts ........................................................................................................................................... 62 Figure 18 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step One.................................................. 63 Figure 19 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step Two.................................................. 64 Figure 20 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step Three................................................ 65 Figure 21 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step Four.................................................. 66 Figure 22 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step Five .................................................. 67 Figure 23 TRIMMS – Soft Program Module: Step Six.................................................... 68 Figure 24 TRIMMS Combined Hard Program/Soft Program Impacts............................. 69

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