Intermediate Outcome Performance Indicators
Intermediate Outcome indicators measure changes which can be determined from prevention activity more globally, over time. They may:
Still focus on changes in knowledge and awareness and perceptions of substance use/abuse (these are dynamic factors that change with age and over time)
Measure changes in substance abuse behaviour and patterns among youth (level, nature, frequency of use)
Measure changes in healthy lifestyle behaviour and patterns among youth (e.g. drinking and driving)
Measure changes in the adoption of promising/best practices in youth prevention programs and services
Data sources and methods:
Pre-post surveys (e.g. self-report surveys; pre-post focus groups) to obtain quantitative and qualitative data; population-level surveys or statistics (e.g accident rates for youth where substance use was a factor) as well as stakeholder (opinion research)
Requires baseline information to measure change.
Attribution to specific prevention programs and services can be challenging.