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In this new economy of competition, not all college graduates are successful, and women, whether or not they have attended college, equally face the issue of how to balance family and work (see Link, pages 198-201). On the whole, Amy Hauser concludes that not every one is able to find a job that allows self-realization. "Factors such as education, locality, lack of connections, inadequate skills or ability, personality, and even luck can be perceived as barriers to success in finding, landing and keeping a good job" (Link, 202). But she also notes that China's younger generations are willing to try it out in this new economic system, and, like in the past, they are adapting to the new rules of the game (Link, 203).

Economic changes are not just economic, but entail political and social ramifications. The new market economic system and the job market have led to more independent and assertive personalities and greater ambitions of individual self-fulfillment. If the decrease in the work unit has led to great changes in the Chinese social structure, the job market has also cultivated new values among China's young. Living in high rises without access to the traditional community, thriving on individualism and self-assertiveness, the Chinese young are becoming increasingly like the youth of the West in their value system and external environment.

Market economy and geographical mobility

Besides fostering greater independence, another consequence of market economy is its promotion of geographical mobility. From the development of the family responsibility system to the ultimate disbandment of the People's Commune in recent years, peasants found they no longer needed to have the whole family live on the farm. The able-bodied ones would migrate to cities looking for unskilled jobs as construction workers, household helpers, nurses' assistants in hospitals, for example. This directly clashed with the state rule that rural residents cannot migrate to cities. In the past, this rule was maintained by the household registration system, where each household had a registration book that indicated their residence. With this book, a family would get their ration tickets for food items---such as tofu, eggs, cooking oil, sesame butter, sugar, rice, wheat flour---and for cloth. Under a state regulated economy, in the absence of a free market, this household registration system would effectively deter peasants from coming into cities because they could not survive there without the ration tickets. But with the emergence of a market economy and the demise of the ration system, the household registration system can no longer deter peasants from flocking to cities, even though peasants continue to be discriminated against: schools charge their children double or triple tuition than local children because they are not residents. Hospitals charge extra, too, for the same reason. And open discrimination happens often. The police very often charge unreasonable fees for rule violations.

21. Emergence of the job market, corruption, and mass protests

While it is sometimes occurs in the United States, corruption has been an endemic problem in developing countries. There have been debates why corruption seems to be a much more glaring problem outside the United States, and several reasons help

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