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© Olympic Museum and Studies Centre, Lausanne, 2002 - page 12 / 16

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12

The Modern Olympic Games

Olympic sports

The Olympic programme includes all the sports in the Olympic Games. The IOC sets the programme and decides which sports will be included. The IOC also has the right to accept or refuse any proposed new sport, discipline or event.

Sport — for a sport to be made an Olympic sport it has to be governed by an International Federation recognised by the IOC. e.g. Swimming at the Games is governed by the International Federation of Swimming (FINA). Skating by the International Skating Union (ISU), etc.

Discipline — a branch of a sport that includes one or more events. e.g. Water polo and diving are disciplines of swimming. Speed skating and figure skating are disciplines of skating.

Event — a competition in an Olympic sport or in one of its dis- ciplines. An event gives rise to a result for which medals and diplomas are awarded. e.g. The 10 m platform for women is a diving event. The men’s 500 m. is a speed skating event.

© Olympic Museum and Studies Centre, Lausanne, 2002

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