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More Studies: Treatment Adapted from Pannbacker (1999)

Fewer thn 1% had return of nodules. Voice treatment effective in eliminating nodules & returning voice to normal

Endoscopy & perceptual

Variable, 5-50 half-hour sessions, average of 20 sessions

Vocal hygiene, abuse reduction, vocal retraining

11 children (3 girls, 8 boys), 33 adults (30 women, 3 men)

McFarlane & Watterson (1990)

Neither voice treatment nor surgery effective

Questionnaire, laryngoscopy

Unspecified

Voice treatment & surgery

42 children (32 boys, 10 girls)

Kay (1982)

After 2 months of voice Tx 68% reduced nodule size, 23% normal larynges. After 6 months of treatment, 64% reduced nodule size, 65% normal larynges

Laryngeal appearance

2-3 30-minute sessions per week

Reduce talking & laryngeal tension, auditory monitoring

31 children (12 girls, 19 boys)

Deal, McClain, & Sudderth (1976)

Findings

Measures

Duration of Treatment

Type of Treatment

N

Study

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