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Diseases caused by deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is known to cause several bone diseases including:

Rickets: a childhood disease characterized by failure of growth and deformity of long bones.

Osteoporosis: a condition characterized by fragile bones.

Osteomalacia: a bone-thinning disorder in adults that is characterised by proximal muscle weakness and bone fragility. Osteomalacia can only occur in a mature skeleton.

Vitamin D malnutrition may be linked to chronic diseases such as

cancer (breast, ovarian, colon, prostate, lung and skin cancer), chronic pain, several autoimmune diseases, high blood pressure, depression, and seasonal affective disorder

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