Employment and livelihoods
Due to the lack of official status for Iraqis, it is very difficult for international organizations to consider formal income generating or small business programming. However, a growing number of organizations are training Iraqis as mentors and volunteers in community outreach and service provision, occasionally paying them a stipend for their work.
In August of 2007, the government announced that all national health care services would be open to Iraqis, regardless of their status. However, the parameters outlining how these services will be made available to Iraqis are still being discussed between the government and the UN.. Currently, there are five Jordanian Red Crescent basic health care clinics in Jordan that also have psychosocial support services available. Caritas serves 200 patients per day at its medical center in North Hashimi District and 300 patients per day at a clinic serving Hashimi, Zarqa, Jabal Amman and Webdeh. Sufficiently serious cases are referred to the Italian Hospital in downtown Amman. IRD is also providing primary health services with mobile outreach teams and six clinics in Amman. IMC is also present in Jordan and will begin to provide medical services. The UNHCR, in collaboration with the government, WHO and other partners, are working together to provide added health care to Iraqis. Prior to the efforts of the UNHCR and the Ministry of Health announcement, assistance to Iraqis was limited to the assistance provided by the NGOs, the Red Crescent centers where only basic health care is provided, and to the Jordan’s public health care system - a system that is overburdened.24
Housing and financial support services
UNHCR, CARE and Mercy Corps currently provide cash assistance to those in need in Amman. The Jordanian Alliance Against Hunger provides cash assistance in Zarqa and ICRC in Jordan is considering doing the same for Iraqis living outside of Amman where incomes are lower and where fewer services exist.
CARE is providing housing support for the disabled, emergency assistance payments and support to cover the cost of funerals.
Questscope is the primary provider of non-formal education in Jordan, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education. The Questscope curriculum for non-formal education has been adopted and is to be used for any non-formal education programs. UNICEF, Save the Children, UNHCR and USAID have successfully advocated for open education for Iraqis in Jordan. UNICEF pays school fees for foreigners. Caritas provides informal, non-formal and material support (school uniforms and supplies) for Iraqi students. CARE, IRD and other organizations were providing school kits for children entering school.
Various recreational and skills trainings are provided by – Mercy Corps, CARE, Relief International, Save the Children, Zenid and Terre des Hommes.
Human Rights Watch : The Silent Treatment – Fleeing Iraq, Surviving in Jordan, November 2006
Report of the ICMC / USCCB Mission – Protection Needs in Jordan