Conceptual outline of required actions for UASC
UASC are among UNHCR and ICMC’s top priorities for protection. However, the systems necessary to identify these children (unto age 18) are not in place with the exception of UNHCR registration and internal referrals. INGOs and local NGOs are not informed of the special characteristics of UASC or how to identify them. Many community surveys do not ask the question or look for these children. Children themselves do not self-identify and of those identified, the systems of care are not well thought out. UNHCR has identified 123 UASC children but is struggling to grasp their demographics, needs and family issues. Care arrangements are ad hoc (hotel accommodation) and follow-up or case management capabilities are not adequate. Durable solutions are not identified.
It is anticipated that the UASC will fall into the following categories:
The child is alone with no adult guidance or support (unaccompanied)
The child is living in a home with unrelated adults or other children (unaccompanied)
The child is separated from his/her parents but lives with relatives and needs little assistance (separated)
The child is separated from his/her parents but with lives relatives and needs many services and durable solution (separated)
With UNHCR, develop awareness-raising materials and Standard operating procedure for the identification and referral of UASCs. Identification of unaccompanied and separated children through awareness raising and training of outreach and social workers of UNHCR and UNHCR Implementing Partners. Follow-up with in-depth assessment of relationship and well being of child Follow up with appropriate measures including, as appropriate:
Refer the child to appropriate services for immediate needs and care; follow up as much as needed to ensure that child is adequately cared for
If possible, trace parents and other family as needed using ICRC services
Arrange family reunification if indicated
Identify appropriate durable solution If further technical assistance is needed to elaborate UASC mechanisms, the UNHCR / ICMC Deployment Scheme may be a suitable mechanism for securing such technical assistance.
Comprehensive Case Management
The protection mission has noted that many agencies are doing casework as part of their activities. However, this casework is typically specific to a certain service, such as medical care or education, time limited, or a one-time service. The refugee family is thus left with the
Report of the ICMC / USCCB Mission – Protection Needs in Jordan