Charts courtesy of Mercy Corps/CDC-Sweileh
Needed Social Services and Programs
Medicine and health services
Awareness and Counseling
Employment and Financial Services
Child Health care
Other (food distribution, religious activities, etc)
Unmet Psychosocial support needs
The Mercy Corps/CDC study found that an overwhelming 77% of Iraqis surveyed mentioned suffering from one or more psychological or emotional problem. Of those who responded in the positive, the most common responses were:
Anxiety and depression: 42%
Emotional pressure (stress): 22.4% (due to economic and social conditions)
Sadness and emotional instability: 20.3%
Fear and insecurity: 8.7%
They also found a gender difference as females tended to suffer more from anxiety, depression, emotional pressure, sadness, and emotional instability, while males were more prone to complain about fear and insecurity.
There are very few services available to attend to the psychological trauma evident in Iraqi refugees, given the stigma surrounding talking to a mental health professional in Iraqi society. An informal assessment with practitioners by CARE estimated that there are a total of 51 practicing psychiatrists in Jordan; 26 operating in private and special consultation clinics and 25 in the Government sectors. Of those who work privately, 23 are in Amman, 2 in Zarqa and 3 in Irbid. Of those who work in the Government sectors, 5 are in the Ministry of Defense, 3 in Jordan University, 3 in Irbid, 1 in Karak, 7 in medical schools, and 6 in the Ministry of Health.
There are very few clinical psychologists in Jordan, numbering between three and five. Two of these expressed interest in cooperating with assistance programmes, notably in the context of training of case workers.
IOM is one of the Middle East specialists on information and training in the psychosocial domain in Jordan. Their study, Psychosocial Status of IDP Communities in Iraq, completed in 2005, contains valuable information applicable to psychosocial work with Iraqis in Jordan. They found that Iraqis present psychosocial uneasiness which includes:
depression and fears withdrawal deterioration of relations within the family lack of social and recreational opportunities
deterioration in social functioning
Report of the ICMC / USCCB Mission – Protection Needs in Jordan