WHAT IS “IRP”?
“IRP” stands for International Registration Plan. The IRP is a plan for registering vehicles that must travel in two or more member jurisdictions. A jurisdiction may be a state or a Canadian province.
The International Registration Plan is a reciprocal agreement, which serves to promote and encourage the fullest possible use of the highway systems by authorizing the proportional registration of commercial motor vehicles, and the recognition of commercial motor vehicles proportionally registered in other jurisdictions. The purpose of the IRP is to implement the concept of one registration plate for each vehicle.
All IRP member jurisdictions have agreed to allow one jurisdiction to collect the registration fees (apportioned fees) for each jurisdiction at one time. These fees are then distributed among the other IRP jurisdictions according to:
Percentage of mileage traveled in each jurisdiction;
Vehicle identification information; and
The IRP requires all member jurisdictions to comply with the following three basic principles:
A single registration plate;
A single registration cab card; and
Allowing registrants to perform both interstate and intrastate vehicular movements.
APPORTIONED REGISTRATION WILL NOT…
Waive or exempt a truck operator from obtaining operating authority from any jurisdiction in which the apportioned vehicle travels; or
Waive or exempt the payment of heavy vehicle use tax or motor fuel taxes in any state; or
Permit the truck operator to exceed the maximum length, width, height or axle limitations, in any jurisdiction; or
Permit violation of any “bridge law”, oversize permit, proof of ownership, or insurance requirements in Florida and other jurisdictions.
IRP vehicles must be compliant with FMCSA safety requirements.
HOW DOES IRP WORK?
Under the IRP, interstate truck operators are required to file an application with their base jurisdiction. The base jurisdiction, in turn, issues one registration cab card and one tag for the vehicle. In member jurisdictions, the single apportioned license plate and cab card are the only registration credentials required to operate interstate and intrastate. Under the Full Reciprocity Plan (FRP), effective January 1, 2015, registrants will only be billed for those jurisdictions where actual miles were accrued during the reporting period. If no actual miles were accrued during the reporting period, registrants will be billed based on Florida’s Average Per Vehicle (APV) distance chart. The miles reflected on the APV distance chart is the average distance of all registrants in each jurisdiction. In either case, the cab card will reflect all jurisdictions, giving the registrant greater flexibility to travel in all jurisdictions.
WHAT ARE THE FLORIDA IRP REQUIREMENTS?
All commercial motor vehicles based in Florida and engaged in interstate commerce must register under the provisions of the International Registration Plan and must display apportioned license plates. (See section 320.0715(1), Florida Statutes)