WHAT IS A COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE? Section 320.01, Florida Statutes, defines a commercial motor vehicle as any vehicle which:
Is not owned or operated by a governmental entity;
Uses diesel fuel or motor fuel (gasoline) on the public highways; and
Has an actual or gross vehicle weight (GVW) in excess of 26,000 pounds; including any power unit and trailer whose combined gross vehicle weight is in excess of 26,000 pounds; or has three or more axles, regardless of gross vehicle weight.
The vehicle must be a part of a declared fleet that operates or intends to operate in Florida and at least one other IRP jurisdiction for the transportation of persons or property, and the carrier must have an established place of business in Florida. The fleet must accrue mileage in Florida, and maintain (or make available) the operational records of the fleet in Florida.
WHAT OTHER VEHICLES MUST BE APPORTIONED?
You must apportion any truck, tractor, truck-tractor, or combination vehicle, in which you plan to haul intrastate commercially in a jurisdiction other than your base state. Any power unit that will travel interstate may be apportioned at the option of the registrant. Registrants often register their vehicles under the IRP even though apportioned registration is not required, because the weight of their vehicle or combination is close to 26,000 pounds.
SEMI-TRAILERS AND THE IRP
The Bureau of Commercial Vehicle and Driver Services does not issue IRP apportioned trailer plates or apportioned trailer decals since there is no requirement to apportion semi-trailers. We calculate your apportioned fees for all jurisdictions (except Quebec) using your gross vehicle weight, which includes the semi-trailer and any load your vehicle is carrying. You will need to contact your local Florida tax collector’s office to obtain a permanent semi-trailer plate or an annual semi-trailer plate for any semi-trailers in your fleet.
FOR YOUR INFORMATION! IRP reporting does not require the maintenance of mileage records for semi-trailers.
WHAT VEHICLES ARE EXEMPT FROM THE IRP PROCESS?
IRP specifically exempts the following vehicles from apportioned registration; however, you must obtain a regular Florida straight plate for use on these vehicles:
City Pick-Up and Delivery Vehicles
Buses Used in Transportation of Chartered Parties (NOTE: A registrant may want to apportion its chartered party buses, if they plan to travel in any of the western states. This is due to some western states’ “non-IRP” registration requirements.)
Recreational Vehicles (NOTE: Defined as a vehicle used for personal pleasure or travel by an individual or the individual’s family. You cannot use this vehicle in connection with any business endeavor.)
Vehicles Operating Intrastate Florida Miles Only
Vehicles Operated with a Restricted License Plate (NOTE: Restricted plate is a registration that has less time than a one-year registration period; or geographic area, mileage, or commodity restriction.) See next paragraph for additional information on restricted license plates.