From the Hearth of the Eastern Mediterranean
originated on Arabian peninsula about 1500 years ago.
* monotheistic religion, revelations Muhammad
received from Allah, Five Pillars.
sacred text: Qu’ran
sacred sites: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalemsplit in the church:
* shortly after Muhammad’s death, split into Sunni Muslims (great majority)
Shi’ite Muslims (concentrated in Iran)
diffusion: across Arabian peninsula, across North
Africa, into Spain and also east into Southeast Asia