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From the Hearth of the Eastern Mediterranean

Islam –

originated on Arabian peninsula about 1500 years ago.

*  monotheistic religion, revelations Muhammad

received from Allah, Five Pillars.

sacred text: Qu’ran

founder: Muhammad

sacred sites: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalemsplit in the church:

* shortly after Muhammad’s death, split into Sunni Muslims (great majority)

Shi’ite Muslims (concentrated in Iran)

diffusion: across Arabian peninsula, across North

Africa, into Spain and also east into Southeast Asia

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