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those in rural and remote areas with contact to the outside world, reducing their sense of isolation and providing them with a tool to improve economic, social and cultural awareness.

3.

METHODOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION

(a)

Underlying Definitions and Concepts: Mobile cellular telephone subscribers

refer to users of portable telephones subscribing to an automatic public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to the Public Switched Telephone Network PSTN.

(b)

Measurement Methods:

The indicator is derived by dividing the number of

mobile cellular telephone subscribers by the population and multiplying by 100.

(c)

Limitations of the Indicator: The indicator provides no measure of the quality or

reliability of the telephone service.

(d)

Status of the methodology: The indicator is widely used in over 200 economies

around the world.

(e)

Alternative Definitions:

If accessibility is a main interest, then the number of

households with telephone (fixed or mobile) service may be more relevant especially for

countries which have large households.

4.

ASSESSMENT OF DATA

(a)

Data Needed to Compile the Indicator: The data needed to compile the indicator

are mobile cellular telephone subscribers and population.

(b)

National and International Data Availability and Sources: The International

Telecommunications Union (ITU) collects this information on an annual basis. Data are available for 1960, 1965, 1970, and annually from 1975 onwards. Population data is widely

available from UN agencies.

(c)

Data

References:

World

Telecommunication

Indicators

(WTI)

database,

International Telecommunication Union; World Telecommunication Development Report, ITU; Yearbook of Statistics, ITU.

5.

AGENCIES INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDICATOR

(a)

Lead Agency: The lead agency is the International Telecommunications Union

(ITU). The contact point is the Head, Market, Economics and Finance Unit, ITU; fax no. (41

  • 22)

    730 6449.

    • (b)

      Other Contributing Organizations: None.

6

.

REFERENCES

316

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