Boy Scouts Beyond The Seas
of various kinds, such as signalling, first-aid, and bandaging, but those which attracted most attention were the wireless telegraph and fire-lighting.
(Left-Right) Major Batt, Aide-de-Camp Wroughton, Sir R. Baden-Powell, President Taft, Mr. J. Bryce, British Ambassador.
Major Batt since drowned on the Titanic after showing conspicuous gallantry. The wireless was a small, portable affair, which the Scouts put up in a very few minutes, and messages were soon flying backwards and forwards.
For the fire-lighting the Scouts had no matches; they got their fire by twirling a pointed stick on a flat piece of wood by means of a bow-string. In this way the pointed stick worked a hole through the board, making a little pile of red-hot dust below; some dry shreds of cotton were put on to this and blown till flame was produced.
The Stars and Stripes
While at Washington we went to look at the Capitol – a huge, white-domed building which forms the Houses of Parliament of the United States.
In the central hall below the dome there is a series of fine pictures illustrating the history of America. There is the discovery of the country by Columbus. Then, a hundred years later, Capt. John Smith colonising Virginia, and Pocahontas, the Red Indian princess, being baptised as a Christian.
And then came the emigrants from England to New England, and the foundation of the country as a British Colony, 1607 and onwards.
But 150 years later troubles arose. The British colonists in America quarrelled with the old country over some taxes which they had been ordered to pay. Troops were sent to force them. They resisted, and after a war they defeated the British troops and formed themselves into an independent republic under their great leader, George Washington. His crest was an eagle, and his coat-of-arms was some stars and some stripes, from which come the American crest of an eagle and the “Stars and Stripes” flag.
There are forty-eight stars on that flag, which stand for the forty-eight States into which America is divided.