Maternal Modification and Breastfeeding
sensitised to less foods and have less subjects who were sensitised to any food than the Non modified group.
Breastfeeding for 6 months or longer was compared to less than one month and from 1 to 6 months in both groups for any influence of the outcome of asthma and eczema. Breastfeeding duration had no effect on asthma or eczema in either group as can be seen in Table 2.
Table 2 Number of Subjects with a History of Eczema and Asthma for Breastfeeding length
Length of Breastfeeding
>1 Month, <6 Months
No modification Eczema Asthma
96 (90%) 38 (36%)
416 (85%) 164 (34%)
583 (82%) 261 (37%)
Modification Eczema Asthma
7 (53%) 2 (15%)
45 (52%) 9 (10%)
91 (52%) 26 (15%)
There were no significant differences between outcome measures between a breastfeeding duration of less than one month or from 1 up to 6 months in both groups. To overcome the small sample sizes in the less than one month group, these two groups were pooled together for analysis of food sensitisation.
There was a significant effect for breastfeeding duration on food sensitisation before the age of one. An increase in sensitisation was seen for both the modified and nonmodified group with extended breastfeeding for 6 months or longer. The effect of breastfeeding on the number and presence of sensitisation to foods is shown in Table 3 and Table 4 respectivly for the Non modified group.