that John Caldwell, the first son of Rebecca, was a distinguished surveyor and had worked for Patrick Calhoun surveying the western portion of South Carolina and that he had become most enthusiastic over the advantages of living in this section of the colony. Whatever the reason, Rebecca came to South Carolina a wealthy widow who was able to have built for her a most comfortable home which was staffed by servants. Here Rebecca lived in peace and contentment, enjoying her children and grandchildren. She was described as being small stature topped by greying hair, having not a beautiful face, but one which could be called intelligent and arresting, brown wide spaced eyes, high forehead and cheekbones, a mouth given to smiles, and a chin showing determination and courage---both of which she was to need as the Revolutionary War began in South Carolina and she saw three of her sons, three sons-in-law, and several grandsons march off to war. A fourth son-in-law gained fame while serving in the South Carolina Provincial Congress. Of Rebecca's sons in the service of America, John, a Captain in the 3rd South Carolina Regiment, and his wife were murdered by Tories in the yard of their home; James was grievously wounded in battle at Cowpens; and William was taken prisoner by the British at Fort Howe, Georgia.
The years that followed the opening shots of the Revolutionary War were ones of severe privations and loss, no less so in South Carolina than elsewhere. The forays of the Tories against the citizenry of South Carolina led to bloody encounters between the rival armies.
In 1782, James Creswell, a young rebel soldier of proclaimed passionate animosity towards the British, was visiting the home of Rebecca Caldwell,The Tories had been seeking Creswell for some time and only shortly before had missed capturing him. Having heard that he was in the vicinity of the Caldwell Plantation, a company of Tory soldiers began their approach toward the house. Fortunately a trusted servant learned of the Tories advance and arrived at the house some few minutes before the soldiers. As soon as Rebecca Caldwell heard of their approach, and knowing that Creswell would be killed if caught, she, with ingenuity and courage, gave orders that her daughter Elizabeth was to hide and that Creswell was to dress himself in some of Elizabeth's clothes. At the same time, Rebecca ordered that her horse and that of Elizabeth be saddled and brought to the front of the house. Creswell, now dressed as a woman, with a bonnet pulled down over his face and slouching as best he could to diminish his size, walked with Rebecca from the porch of the house to the horses. Rebecca informed the Tories, who by this time surrounded her home, that she and her daughter were on their way to visit a sick neighbor and that they "must hurry!" They both mounted their horses, with