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Mehmet Tütüncü

2.3. Overview of Royal Inscriptions (Table 4)

After a rule of 400 years in Palestine we have 75 Royal Ottoman inscriptions. Table 4 gives an overview of these inscriptions. Of these inscriptions 8 are in museums, 12 are lost and 55 can still be observed in their original location.

Jerusalem Sultan Süleyman 3

Other Royal in Jerusalem

6

Other places Total

8

Lost

6

4

5

6

In Situ

Total

26

35

16

26

13

14

55

75

Museum

3 5

1 12

2.4 Inscriptions in Turkish (Table 5) Overwhelming Majority of Ottoman Inscriptions in Palestine is in Arabic. There are a total 22 inscriptions in Turkish (Table 5). Only 2 of these inscriptions are Royal Inscription (nr. 59 and 117). Nr. 59 is Sultan Abdülhamid II’s restoration of Citadel and nr. 117 is opening of Hejaz Railway (Station of Hayfa). There are also few Inscriptions of High Officials (nr. 6) (Citadel Musalla Mosque entrance), nr. 9 (Citadel Mosques Minaret), nr. 83A+B, nr.91, and nr. 43). Last inscription of Turkish rule is on the Golan Height it is dedicated to the first Turkish Pilot Fethi bey whose aircraft was crashed in the 1st World War during a trip from Istanbul to Cairo.

2.5 Inscriptions with Ottoman Tughra and Coat of Arms (Table 6) Every sultan of the Ottoman Empire had his own monogram, called the tughra, which served as the signature of the Ottoman Sultans. It was inscribed on the official letters from the Sultan and also appeared on coins and later also in public buildings. During the centuries the outlines and the shape of the tughra remained the same. When a new sultan was appointed the written text that contained the name of the old Sultan was altered but this was done in such a way that the outlines and shape were not changed.

3 4 5 6

Inscriptions 29, 34 and 35 Inscriptions 7, 8, 21, 28, 36 and 37 Inscriptions 39, 41, 43, 50, 52 and 65 Inscriptions 38, 40, 49A, 48 and 55

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