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TURKISH JERUSALEM (1516-1917) - page 20 / 36





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Mehmet Tütüncü

2.7. Elqabs Religious Titles used by Turkish Sultans in Inscriptions The use of Elqab (religious titles) 7 in inscriptions describing the Ottoman Sultan, is very important in understanding the relationship between the ruler and the city. Next Honorary and Sacred Titles are used by Ottoman Sultans in the inscriptions.

2.7.1 Titles used by Sultan Süleyman Kanuni

Hadimulbeytul Haram or Harameyn vel beka Kuds (Servant of two sacred Harams) The first inscription (nr. 1) on his behalf describes him as the servant of the sacred house (at Mecca) and first in Citadel (nr. 3) as the servant two Harams and Holy Land. In two of his Sabils he is described as hami (defender) of el Harameyni Sherifeyn. (Two sacred Harams)

Second Salomon [Süleymaniy Saniy] The Sultan with title of Magnificent Grand Turk considered himself as second Salomon. In the inscriptions in Jerusalem he is twice called so. First one is in nr. 2 on a Sabil) in Haram area and the second instance is in (nr. 3) in Citadel. Outside Jerusalem he is only once referred to as Salomon on a fountain in Edirne. Edirne (nr. 34 of Dijkema) is an inscription in Persian language describing Süleyman as the “Salomon of his age”. Süleyman ruled 46 years over the ottoman state, a comparison between King Salomon and Sultan Süleyman in which their governments were characterised by justice, wisdom, Wealth and building works.

7 The name of the Royal patron of a Foundation inscription is identified (Blair 1998, p. 36) as follows 1. Laqab (elqab) that is a list of honorific title(s) 2. The Kunya a patronymic, something like Abul Muzaffer (Abulfeth) 3. The ism a given or personal name 4. the nasab (genealogy) 5. the nisba ( an epithet of origin or affiliation), like Ali Osman or Osmaniyye


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