Trucks leaving Calgary can be in Los Angeles and the Mexican border in about 33 hours.
Trucks leaving Vancouver can be in Los Angeles in 24 hours, which is about 4 hours less than the travel time from Winnipeg to Toronto.
The proximity of western Canada to this area and its markets, the similarity in economic and industrial activities across the western U.S. and Canada border, and the ease of crossborder trade have created strong trade and transportation linkages across the border.
2.3 Truck Border Crossings and Operations
There are 54 highway crossings (listed in Appendix A) on the western border. Table 2-3 lists and Figure 2-3 shows the 28 western border crossings of interest to this study. These crossings involve: (1) an Interstate (IS) highway, National Network (NN) highway, or National Highway System (NHS) highway; (2) a two-way commercial traffic flow of more than 12,000 trucks per year (about 30 trucks per day), or (3) both. The traffic criterion was based on data presented in pages A5 and A6 of “Descriptive Report on Cross-Border Traffic and Transportation in the Western U.S.-Canada Region,” FHWA-PL-009-041, “1992 Commercial Traffic by Border Crossing.” In subsequent references to Customs Service traffic data, this report uses the term “truck traffic” in place of commercial traffic, recognizing that a small portion of commercial traffic involves buses and light service trucks.
TS&W Regulations Governing Regular Operations
A combination of TS&W laws and regulations govern trucking operations across the western border. Three elements of this combination discussed here are: the ISTEA freeze, other U.S. TS&W provisions, and Canadian TS&W provisions.
The ISTEA Freeze
The ISTEA, as implemented through Federal regulation, restricts the weights of longer combination vehicles (LCVs) operating on the Interstate Highway System and the lengths of commercial motor vehicle (CMV) combinations with two or more cargo-carrying units on the NN. This “freeze” is subject to the State restrictions in effect on June 1, 1991. An LCV is defined in the ISTEA as any combination of a truck tractor and two or more trailers or semitrailers which operates on the IS at a gross vehicle weight greater than 80,000 pounds. A CMV is a vehicle combination with two or more cargo-carrying units operating on the NN.