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Endnotes For Chapter 3

[EN1]

Merchandise trade across the western border was valued at $32 to $35 billion in recent years [Ref 2, p 3]. This compares with a total trade value of $189 billion in 1992 [Ref 1, p 30].

[EN2]

“Two-way trade across the U.S.-British Columbia border totalled approximately $13 billion in 1990; U.S.-Alberta, $5.7 billion (excluding $8 billion via pipelines/transmissions); U.S.-Saskatchewan, $2.7 billion; and U.S.-Manitoba, $6.7 billion. If the $2.7 billion in trade across Minnesota's border with western Ontario is added, the 1990 total U.S.- Canada trade for the western border is $30 billion,” [Ref 3, p D-1.3].

[EN3]

“U.S.-Canadian trade processed through border ports of entry in the western region is .. expected to increase. U.S. exports to Canada are projected to increase by 16 to 24 percent in the next ten years. Canada exports to the U.S. are projected to increase 24 to 34 percent over the same period” [Ref 1, p 7].

[EN4]

From [Ref 3, “Value of Canadian-U.S. Trade 1989,” Table 2.1, p 6]:

Truck

55.7

66.7

122.4

65.6

Rail

26.7

9.7

36.4

19.5

Water

3.8

2.1

5.9

3.2

Air

3.7

5.2

8.9

4.8

Other

8.7

4.3

13.0

7.0

Total

98.6

88.0

186.6

100.0

Total

Trade with U.S.

Percent

($ billions)

Total

of

Canadian Exports to U.S. ($ billions)

Canadian Imports from U.S. ($ billions)

[EN5]

From [Ref 3, “Tonnage of Canadian-U.S. Trade carried by Canadian Carriers 1988,” Table 2.2, p 7]:

For hire truck

811,600-25t

441,400-25t

19.2

Private truck

39,640-25t

17,040-25t

0.9

Rail Marine

SB to U.S.

NB from U.S. of Total

28.5 51.4

Percent

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