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4.0 Truck Flows

4.1 Trucking Movements To and From Western Border Jurisdictions

Total crossings of the western border average 4,307 trucks per day in 1992 (1,572,055 trucks for the year). In 1992, the 28 crossings of direct interest accounted for 96.4 percent of total truck traffic crossing the western border.

For the United States, traffic to and from Washington accounted for slightly more than one-half of western border trucking activity to and from the United States. North Dakota accounted for 20 percent. Montana and Minnesota each accounted for about 10 percent. Idaho accounted for the less than 5 percent.

For Canada, traffic to and from British Columbia accounted for more than half of western border trucking movements to and from Canada. Manitoba accounted for 20 percent. Alberta and Saskatchewan each accounted for about 10 percent. Ontario accounted for less than 5 percent.

Table 4-1 shows the total average daily trucking movements to and from each of the five States and five Provinces on the western border in 1992.

Based on data from U.S. Customs for southbound movements at most of the western border crossings for FY 1994, and recently acquired 1994 border crossing data from Statistics Canada, total crossings of the border have increased by 24.3 percent since 1992. Total crossings in 1994 are estimated to average about 5,100 trucks per day (1,881,940 for the year). In 1994, traffic to and from Washington is estimated to account for about one-half of western border trucking activity to and from the United States. North Dakota accounts for 25 percent. Montana accounts for 13 percent. Idaho and Minnesota each account for about 5 percent. The distribution among Provinces in 1994 is about the same as in 1992.

The western border accounted for roughly one-third of all truck movements between Canada and the United States in 1991. Total crossborder trucking is allocated with roughly one-sixth to each of the following areas in Canada: British Columbia, Prairie Provinces, Southwestern Ontario, other Ontario, Quebec, and Atlantic Provinces. [Transborder Trucking Survey: 1991. Statistics Canada. April 1991].

4.2 Trucking Activity at Major Western Border Crossings

The six largest crossings of the western border are discussed in this section in terms of specific TS&W-related matters. Table 4-2 ranks the 28 crossings selected for review in this study by the

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