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24 / 31

T&D Services 2010

Energy Sector

Page 24

© Siemens AG 2009

Challenges and Chances Future energy supply and related challenges

Demographic dynamics

Population growth:

7.5 bn in 2020 (+1.1 bn)

Power consumption:

+5.2% p.a. in emerging regions and 1.4% in developed world

Megacities (>10 million inhabitants): 27 megacities in 2025

Resource scarcity

Geopolitics: 70% of world oil and gas supplies only in a few countries

Fuel diversity:

100% increase in oil prices over last 2 years accelerates shift to broader fuel mix

Environmental focus

Global emissions:

40% increase in air pollu-tion over past 20 years

Climate change:

Global warming limited to an average increase of 2 degrees Celsius

Three global megatrends in the energy sector

Quellen: UN, IEA, Stern

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