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AREU Synthesis Paper Series

of the local revenue.50 In part due to its remote location, Nimroz has very few services available to its inhabitants, and electricity, healthcare and education are luxuries not available to all (total literacy in Nimroz according to one source amounts to 22 percent51). However, drinking water is by far the most significant resource deficiency.

Security has been problematic in Nimroz recently: in May 2010 a suicide attack on the PC building killed three people including a female member of the PC.52 However, this attack was unusual in its scale as very few attacks of a similar size and intensity have been conducted in the region. The most insecure area of the province is Khash Rod District, which borders both Helmand and Farah Provinces and has seen the spillover of insurgent activity from these areas. The border with Iran, near to the provincial

50

This can be in both licit and illicit forms of trade (RI, “Rapid Rural

Assessment,” 4).

51

GoA, “Nimroz Province.”

52

Gul

Makai.

She

had

been

interviewed

for

this

study

three

days

earlier. For a news story on this event see “Militants Launch Deadly Suicide Attack on Afghan City,” Dawn, 5 May 2010, http://www.dawn. com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/world/04-

afghanistan-militant-attack-qs-08 (accessed 21 April 2011).

20

centre of Zaranj, is also problematic due to the trafficking of narcotics and people. There is no permanent International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) base in Nimroz province and a very limited ANSF presence.

Powerholders in Nimroz include the governor, Dr Ghulum Dastagir Azad, who is a medical doctor and came to the post in 2005. Dr Azad is an ethnic Pashtun, and according to study respondents is generally disliked by Nimroz inhabitants.53 The province also has two representatives for the Wolesi Jirga. At the time of study, the existing incumbents were re-contesting their seats in the upcoming elections. Complaints from respondents regarding these individuals largely centre around their infrequent visits to the province and their lack of ability to provide services.

53

Various interviews, Nimroz Province.

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