Finally, Figure 6 presents the association between the hunger index and the rate of economic growth for each state. The figure shows little evidence of a consistent relationship between the two variables. A state that experienced negative real growth (in net state domestic product per capita) between 1999‐ 2000 and 2004‐05 (e.g., Madhya Pradesh) has a high hunger index, but so did states like Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh that experienced much higher rates of economic growth over this time period. Again, Punjab stands out as a remarkable “positive outlier”, with its much lower hunger index than states such as Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana whose rate of economic growth was two‐ to three‐times larger during the same period (<2% per annum for Punjab, compared to 4‐6% for the other 3 states). Thus, economic growth appears to be weakly associated with the levels of hunger in a state.
Figure 6. The India State Hunger Index in relation to economic growth.
India State Hunger Index
Gujara t Orissa
012345 % annual real growth in net state domestic product per capita, 1999‐2000 to 2004‐05