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Finally, Figure 6 presents the association between the hunger index and the rate of economic growth for each state. The figure shows little evidence of a consistent relationship between the two variables. A state that experienced negative real growth (in net state domestic product per capita) between 19992000 and 200405 (e.g., Madhya Pradesh) has a high hunger index, but so did states like Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh that experienced much higher rates of economic growth over this time period. Again, Punjab stands out as a remarkable “positive outlier”, with its much lower hunger index than states such as Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Haryana whose rate of economic growth was twoto threetimes larger during the same period (<2% per annum for Punjab, compared to 46% for the other 3 states). Thus, economic growth appears to be weakly associated with the levels of hunger in a state.

Figure 6. The India State Hunger Index in relation to economic growth.

32

Madhya Pradesh

Jharkhand

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India State Hunger Index

24

20

Uttar Pradesh

Bihar

Chattisgarh

Maharashtra

Karnataka

Gujara t Orissa

Rajastha

West Bengal

Tamil Nadu

Assam

Kerala

Andhra Pradesh

Haryana

16

Punjab

12

  • 1

012345 % annual real growth in net state domestic product per capita, 19992000 to 200405

6

15

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