India’s GHI 2008 score is 23.7, which ranks it 66th out of 88 countries. This indicates continued poor performance at reducing hunger in India.
The India State Hunger Index (ISHI) 2008 was constructed in a similar fashion as the GHI 2008 to enable comparisons of states within India, and to compare Indian states to GHI 2008 scores and ranks for other countries.
The ISHI 2008 score was estimated for 17 major states in India, covering more than 95 percent of the population of India.
ISHI 2008 scores for Indian states range from 13.6 for Punjab to 30.9 for Madhya Pradesh, indicating substantial variability among states in India. Punjab is ranked 34th when compared to the GHI 2008 country rankings, while Madhya Pradesh is ranked 82nd.
All 17 states have ISHI scores that are well above the “low” and “moderate” hunger categories. Twelve of the 17 states fall into the “alarming” category, and one ‐‐ Madhya Pradesh – into the “extremely alarming” category.
ISHI scores are closely aligned with poverty, but there is little association with state level economic growth. High levels of hunger are seen even in states that are performing well from an economic perspective.
Inclusive economic growth and targeted strategies to ensure food sufficiency, reduce child mortality and improve child nutrition are urgent priorities for all states in India.