GDP per Capita*
Table 1. GDP per capita in relation to scores on the Global Hunger Index 2008
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) dollar estimates at Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) per capita
Source: World Development Indicators, 2007 (World Bank)
A state level hunger index for India
With over 200 million people who are food insecure, India is home to the largest number of hungry people in the world. While there has been attention to hunger and undernutrition at the central level, within India’s political system, states are important political units with regard to the planning and execution of development programs. Thus, unpacking the hunger index at the level of the state is an important tool to build awareness of the levels and disparities in hunger among states. In addition, the variability in the relative contribution of the underlying components of the hunger index across the different Indian states can help inform the discussion about the drivers of hunger in different state contexts.
The availability of national household surveys in India that capture the three underlying dimensions of the Global Hunger Index at the state level enables us to develop a state hunger index for India. The state hunger index is calculated using a procedure that is similar to that used for calculating the GHI scores of countries. This permits comparison of Indian states to other countries in terms of their performance on hunger and malnutrition.
The overall objective of the development of an India State Hunger Index is to focus attention to the problem of hunger and malnutrition at the state and central levels in India through the development of an index that enables comparisons within India, and globally.
DATA AND METHODS
The India State Hunger Index is based on the same underlying variables as the Global Hunger Index. These are:
The proportion of population that does not consume an adequate level of calories
The proportion of underweight children under five years of age; and,
The mortality rate among children under five years of age, expressed as the percentage of
children born alive who die before they reach the age of five.