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Sequences examined in DNA fingerprinting

VNTRs-variable number tandem repeats; composed of 8-80 bp repeat units (e.g., [GCGCAATG]n) which are tandemly repeated so that the overall length is 1-30 kb

STRs-short tandem repeats; composed of 2-7 bp repeat units (e.g., [AC]n) which are tandemly repeated so that the overall length is less than 1 kb

RFLPs-restriction fragment length polymorphisms

SNPs-single nucleotide polymorphisms

Mitochondrial DNA-maternal inheritance, tends to be more stable than nuclear DNA

Y chromosome DNA- passed from father to son

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