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178.

Paper Patching for Chronic Tympanic Membrane

Perforations.

Author(s): Golz, A., et al. Source: Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 128(4): 565-70. April, 2003. Availability: Available from American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. One Prince St., Alexandria, VA 22314-3357. (703) 836-4444. TTY: (703) 519-1585. Web site: www.entnet.org/. Language: English. Abstract: This article reports on a study that is designed to evaluate the results of paper-patch myringoplasty in patients with chronic perforations of the tympanic membrane of different sizes. The study subjects were seventy-seven patients with chronic perforations of the eardrum. Data consisted of the causes of the perforations, time the perforations had been present, their size, number of patch applications, duration of application, and number of successfully closed perforations. The results showed closure rate of 63.2 percent, 43.5 percent, and 12.5 percent for small, medium, and large perforations, respectively. Small perforations needed the least number of repeated applications and the least time for closure. The authors conclude that paper patching is technically simple, time saving, safe to perform, cost effective, and suitable as an outpatient procedure and has a good success rate, and should be tried in perforations smaller than 5 mm before a patient is referred for surgery. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Ear Perforation. Ear Disorder Treatment. Hearing Research.

179.

Manipulative Visual Language: A Tool to Help Crack The

Code of English.

Author(s): Gore, J. C., Gillies, R. Source: Odyssey. Washington DC. Fall 2003. 5(1). Availability: Available from the Laurent Clerc National Deaf Education Center, Gallaudet University, 800 Florida Avenue, NE, Washington, DC 20002-3695. Voice/TTY: (202) 651-5340. Toll-free: (800) 526-9105. Fax: (202) 651-5708. Web site: http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu. PRICE: Available for download online at http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/Odyssey/Fall2003/index.html. Language: English. Abstract: At a school for deaf children in Maine, educators developed a tool titled the Manipulative Visual Language (MVL) to provide a visual model of English in its basic forms to teach English grammar to students with hearing loss. MVL is unique in its use of colored shapes to teach the parts of written English-black triangles represent nouns, red circles represent verbs, purple triangles represent pronouns. This article explains the use of this tool to address some of the difficulties in teaching English grammar to deaf children, especially elementary school students. Subject Category: Hearing. Language. Descriptors: Special Needs Children. Educator Resource. Visual Language Tools. Language Skills Development.

180.

A Quieter Future for American Workers?

Author(s): Hager, L. D. Source: Hearing Health. 19(3):19-21. Fall 2003. Availability: Available from Hearing Health. 1050 17th Street, NW, Suite 701, Washington, DC 20036. (202)289-5850; (888)435-6104 (Voice/TTY); (202)293-1805 (Fax). E-mail: info@hearinghealthmag.com. Web site: http://www.hearinghealthmag.com/. Language: English. Abstract: According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) some 30 million people are in danger of hearing loss because of toxic noise in their work environment. This article looks at whether policy changes can protect the nation's workforce from occupational hearing loss. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Noise Induced Hearing Loss. Occupational Hearing Loss. Causes of Hearing Loss. Hearing Impairment. Noise Induced Hearing Loss. Deafness. Toxic Noise. Workplace Health. Hazardous Noise. Environmental Health.

181.

Qualitative Responses of Children to Environmental Noise.

Author(s): Haines, M. M., Brentnall, S. L., Stansfeld, S. A., Klineberg, E. Source: Noise and Health. April-June 2003. 5(9). p.19-30.

30

Availability: Available from NRN Publications. Editorial Manager of Noise and Health, Institute of Laryngology and Otology, University College, London, 330 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8EE, United Kingdom. 44 171 915 1575. Fax: 44 171 278 8041. E-mail: m.patrick@ucl.ac.uk. PRICE: $24.16 plus tax and shipping from Ingenta Publishers. Web site: www.ingenta.com/journals/browse/nrn. Language: English. Abstract: Two qualitative studies were conducted to explore children's perceptions of noise exposure, perceived risk of noise pollution, coping strategies for dealing with loud noise, and annoyance response to loud noise. The two studies were the Millennium Conference Study, which conducted focus group interviews of 36 children, and the West London Schools Study, which conducted individual interviews of 18 children who are regularly exposed to aircraft noise in varying degrees. Neighbors' noise and roadside traffic noise most affected children in the Millennium Conference Study, while aircraft noise most affected children in the West London Study. In addition, noise seemed to interfere most in the everyday activities of the children who were exposed to high levels of aircraft noise. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Noise. Noise Pollution. Coping Strategies. Noise Exposure. Children. Schools. Surveys. Research Methodologies. Environmental Noise. Aircraft. Traffic. Cognition. Cognitive Factors. Millennium Conference Study. West London Study.

182.

'Turn on the Lights' With an FM System.

Author(s): Halligan.P. Source: Volta Voices. 10(5): 20-21. September-October 2003. Availability: Available from Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, Inc. 3417 Volta Place, NW, Washington, DC 20007. (202) 337- 5220; (202) 337-5221 (TTY); Fax: (202) 337-8314. Website: www.agbell.org. Language: English. Abstract: The author of this article discusses the use of an FM system to improve acoustic access to instruction for hearing-impaired children in classrooms. The writer demonstrates the importance of using FM systems as a complement to other hearing devices (hearing aids) which do not block out background noises successfully and function best in quiet places. According to the author, an FM system can provide the missing link to the necessary auditory information and maximize the educational experience. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing. Hearing Loss. Hard-of-Hearing Children. Hearing Impaired Children. Deafness. Classroom Equipment. Hearing-Assistive Technologies.

183.

Steroid Therapy for Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Author(s): Halpin, C., Rauch, S. D. Source: The Hearing Review. December 2003. 10(13):32-35. Availability: Available from CurAnt Communications Inc., Publisher. 6701 Center Drive West, Suite 450, Los Angeles, CA 90045-1535. (310) 642- 4400. Web site: www.hearingreview.com. Language: English. Abstract: Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) is one of the few sensorineural losses known to be reversible in some cases. Because of the possibility of improved outcome with steroids, and the narrow window of opportunity for initiating treatment, SSNHL should be considered an emergency of the ear. Recent research at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School has significant implications for the use of steroid therapy with SSNHL patients. The authors of this article discuss the use and outcome of this treatment option for SSNHL patients. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Ear Disorder. Hearing Loss. Deafness. Hearing Loss Therapy. Professional Resource.

184.

Hard of Hearing Students in the Public Schools: Should We

Be Concerned?

Author(s): Harrington, M. Source: Volta Voices. 10(6): 18-22. November-December 2003. Availability: Available from Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, Inc. 3417 Volta Place, NW, Washington, DC 20007. (202) 337- 5220; (202) 337-5221 (TTY); Fax: (202) 337-8314. Website: www.agbell.org. Language: English.

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