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July/August 2004. Availability: Available from the American Academy of Audiology. Publications, 11730 Plaza America Drive, Suite 300, Reston, VA 20190. Voice: 800-AAA-2336; 703-790-8466. Fax: 703-790-8631. Web site: http://www.audiology.org/. Language: English. Abstract: In this study the researchers examined the ability of 40 young children (ages 5-8) to understand speech (monosyllables, spondees, trochees, and trisyllables) when listening in a background of real life classroom noise. The findings include the following: all children had some difficulty understanding speech when the noise was at levels found in many classrooms (i.e., 65 dBA), but, at an intermediate (-6 dB SNR) level; kindergarten and grade 1 children had much more difficulty than did older children. Conversely, all children performed well in quiet, with results being comparable to or slightly better than those reported in previous studies. According to the research team, these results indicate that the youngest children in the school system, whose classrooms also tend to be among the noisiest, are the most susceptible to the effects of noise. Subject Category: Speech. Hearing. Descriptors: Clasroom Noise. Signal-to-Noise Ratio. Speech Intelligibility.

380.

Recording Auditory Steady-State Responses in Young

Infants.

Author(s): John, M. S., Brown, D. K., Muir, P. J., Picton, T. W. Source: Ear and Hearing: Journal of The American Auditory Society. 25(6): 539-53. December 2004. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 530 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3621. Voice: (215) 521-8300. Website: http://www.ear-hearing.com. Language: English. Abstract: A summary of a study that examines the auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) evoked by amplitude-modulated (AM), mixed- modulated (MM), and exponentially-modulated (AM2) tones in 50 newborn infants, within 3 days of birth, and in 20 older infants, within 3-15 weeks of birth. Multiple ASSRs were evoked by 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz stimuli modulated between 78 and 95 Hz and presented at 50 dB SPL. The report details results for both newborn and older infants and findings that indicate the following: using MM and AM2 stimuli will increase the reliability/efficiency of evoked potential audiometry in infancy; ASSRs at 50 dB SPL are more easily detected at 3-15 wk of age than just after birth; comprehensive frequency-specific testing of hearing using steady-state responses will likely be more accurate if postponed until after the immediate neonatal period. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Infant Hearing. Newborn Screening. Infant Hearing Assessment.

381.

Cochlear Hyperacusis and Vestibular Hyperacusis.

Author(s): Johnson, M. Source: Vestibular Disorders Association. 2004. Availability: Available from the Vestibular Disorders Association. P.O. Box 13305, Portland, OR 97213. (800) 837-8428. E-mail: veda@vestibular.org. Website: http://www.vestibular.org. PRICE: $3 member, $4 non-member per single copy. Language: English. Abstract: This brochure presents an overview of cochlear hyperacusis and vestibular hyperacusis and a comparison of the disorders. The author discusses causes and characteristics, testing, and treatment innovations for these disorders. The information is intended for patients and health professionals. Subject Category: Hearing. Balance. Descriptors: Balance Dysfunction. Vertigo. Dizziness. Audiogenic Seizure Disorder. Inner-Ear Damage. Acoustic Therapies. Hearing Tests. Electroencephalography.

382.

Rural Health Research/Aging: Nonmetro Residence, Hearing

Loss, and Accommodation Among Elderly People.

Author(s): Johnson, N. E. Source: In: The Journal of Rural Health. 20(2):136. Spring 2004. Availability: Available from the National Rural Health Association, Publications Department, One West Armour Blvd., Suite 203, Kansas City, MO 64111. (816) 756-3140; Fax: (816) 756-3144. E-mail:

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pubs@nrharural.org. Website: http://www.nrharural.org/. Language: English. Abstract: This report presents details about a study conducted to compare the prevalence pf physiological hearing loss among older adults by nonmetro/metro residence and the successes of hearing aid use in these circumstances. The study analyzes 8,222 respondents to Wave 1 (1993-1994) of the national Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) Survey. Some findings show that: nonmetro residents had the same odds as metro residents of having no residual hearing loss when a hearing aid was worn (versus having physiologically normal hearing); the risk for nonmetro residents was much greater than their metro counterparts for having a hearing loss but no hearing aid or a residual hearing loss even when wearing a hearing aid. The status of either of these occurrences was greater by association than by age. The authors conclude that future studies should add nonmetro residence to the list of risk factors for negative hearing outcomes, especially since the percentage of elderly nonmetro residents is likely to grow over the next twenty years. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Rural Health Research. Hearing Research. Hearing Aid. Deafness. Hearing Loss. Hearing Impairment. Elderly.

383.

Vestibular Neuritis, or Driving Dizzily Through Donegal.

Author(s): Johnson, R. T. Source: In: New England Journal of Medicine 2004. 351(4):322-23. Availability: Available from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore. Language: EN. Abstract: In this article the author discusses advances in diagnosis and care of vestibular neuritis and uses as a case study his own experience to a sudden onset of vertigo 10 years ago. Subject Category: Balance. Hearing. Descriptors: Dizziness. Vertigo. Vestibular Disorder. Vestibular Neuritis. Balance Disorder. Treatment. Diagnosis.

384. Myringoplasty.

Author(s): Jones, R. O. Source: In: Middle Ear and Mastoid Surgery: Haberman, R. S., ed. York, PA. Thieme 2004. pp. 5-11. Availability: Available from Thieme New York. 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001. Toll-free: (800) 782-3488. Fax: (212) 947-1112. E-mail: customerservice@thieme.com. Web site: http://www.thieme.com. ISBN: 1-5889-0173-4. PRICE: $109 plus shipping and handling. Language: EN. Abstract: This chapter from the text Middle Ear and Mastoid Surgery describes simple myringoplasty, a corrective measure for perforation injuries to the tympanic membrane. The author covers diagnostic procedures, postoperative assessment methods, the operative procedures, and discusses results and benefits. Includes figures and references. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Tympanic Membrane Surgery. Middle Ear Surgery. Ossicular Chain Surgery. Hearing Therapy. Hearing Loss Correction. Ear Perforation. Otology.

385.

Auditory Processing Disorders.

Author(s): Keith, R. W. Source: In: Auditory Disorders in School Children, Fourth Edition. Roeser, R.J.; Downs, M.P., ed. York, PA. Thieme 2004. 124-46. Availability: Available from Thieme New York. 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001. Toll-free: (800) 782-3488. Fax: (212) 947-1112. E-mail: customerservice@thieme.com. Web site: http://www.thieme.com. ISBN: 1-58890-228-5. PRICE: $59 plus shipping and handling. Language: English. Abstract: In this chapter of the fourth edition of Auditory Disorders in School Children the author discusses approaches to the assessment of auditory processing amid the identification of children with auditory processing disorders (APDs). Over the years the term 'auditory processing disorders' has evolved and is variously described as a central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), auditory perceptual disorder, auditory language-learning disorder, and auditory processing disorder (APD). APD is the term the author uses in this chapter. Subject Category: Hearing. Speech.

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