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Descriptors: Auditory Processing Disorder. Childhood Deafness. Deaf Children. Hard-of-Hearing Children. Learning Disabilities. Special Education Programs.

386.

The MIT Encyclopedia of Communication Disorders.

Author(s): Kent, R. D. Source: MIT Press. Cambridge, MA. February 2004. ISBN: 0-262- 112787-7. 618p. Availability: Available from The MIT Press. 5 Cambridge Center, Cambridge MA 02142-1493. 800-405-1619. E-mail: mitpress- orders@mit.edu. Web site: http://www.mitpress.mit.edu. PRICE: $95 plus shipping. Language: English. Abstract: This reference book was written for both research and clinicians working in the field of communication and speech disorders. It offers almost 200 detailed entries, covering the entire range of communication and speech disorders in children and adults, from basic science to clinical diagnosis. This encyclopedia is divided into four sections that reflect the standard categories within the field: Voice, Speech, Language, and Hearing. Within each category, entries are organized into three subsections: Basic Science, Disorders, and Clinical Management. Basic Science includes relevant information on normal anatomy and physiology, physics, psychology and psychophysics, and linguistics; this provides a scientific foundation for entries in the other subsections. The entries that appear under Disorders offer information on the definition and characterization of specific disorders, and tools for their identification and assessment. The Clinical Management subsection describes appropriate interventions, including behavioral, pharmacological, surgical, and prosthetic. Topics covered include cochlear implants for children and adults, pitch perception, tinnitus, alaryngeal voice and speech rehabilitation, neural mechanisms of vocalization, holistic voice therapy techniques, computer-based approaches to children's speech and language disorders, neurogenic mutism, regional dialect, agrammatism, global aphasia, and psychosocial problems associated with communicative disorders. Many topics include separate entries that reflect the differences in approach to communication disorders for children and adults. 128 illustrations. Subject Category: Voice. Speech. Language. Hearing. Descriptors: Communication Disorder. Speech Disorder. Clinical Management. Hearing Disorder. Language Disorder. Linguistics. Behavior Disorder. Social Skills Development. Deafness. Hearing Assistive Devices. Hearing Technology. Speech Rehabilitation. Voice Rehabilitation. Children With Disabilities. Audiology. Voice Therapy. Birth Disorders. Children Language Disorders. Infant Deafness.

387.

Myths About Hearing in Noise and Directional Microphones.

Author(s): Killion, M. C. Source: The Hearing Review. February 2004. 11(2):14. Availability: Correspondence can be addressed to HR or Mead C. Killion, PhD, Etymotic Research, Elk Grove Village, IL 60007. E-mail: abonso@aol.com. Language: English. Abstract: Abundant evidence indicates that every hearing aid dispensed should feature a directional microphone. Yet only 20 percent to 30 percent of all hearing aids do. One reason is as few as eight percent of dispensing professionals may have access to the HINT or QuickSin, and as many as half of all patients may be leaving offices with a 5 dB SNR hearing loss. In this context, it is little wonder that some patients complain that they hear better without hearing aids. This article is a continuation of a three-part series on this subject. Includes charts and references. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Aids. Hearing Technology. Directional Microphones.

388.

Diagnostic, Pathophysiologic, and Therapeutic Aspects of

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo.

Author(s): Korres, S. G., Balatsouras, D. G. Source: Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 131(4): 438-43. October 2004. Availability: Available from Elsevier Science. (800) 654-2452. Fax: (212) 633-3820. E-mail: reprints@elsevier.com. Web site: www.us.elsevierhealth.com. Language: EN.

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Abstract: In introducing this report, the authors state the following points: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder; the disorder is transient vertigo induced by a rapid head position change, associated with a characteristic paroxysmal positional nystagmus; canalolithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal is considered the most convincing theory of its pathogenesis and the development of appropriate therapeutic maneuvers resulted in its effective treatment. The authors state also that involvement of the horizontal or the anterior canal has been found in a significant rate and the recognition and treatment of these variants completed the clinical picture of the disease. This paper describes the advances in understanding how this disease is generated and discusses the current therapeutic modalities. Subject Category: Hearing. Balance. Descriptors: Balance Disorder. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. Dizziness.

389.

Clinical Observations: Visual Preference and Vestibular

Deficiency.

Author(s): Kramer.J. Source: Vestibular Disorders Association Newsletter: On the Level 21(2):5. Spring 2004. Availability: Available from the Vestibular Disorders Association. P.O. Box 4467, Portland, OR 97208-4467. Voice: (800) 837-8428. E-mail: veda@vestibular.org. Web site: http://www.vestibular.org. PRICE: $3 per issue plus shipping and handling for back issues. Language: English. Abstract: Dr Kramer shares his experiences treating and managing patients with neurovestibular disorders--specifically dizziness and balance dysfunctions that include benign positional vertigo, acute labyrinthitis, multiphysiologic disequilibrium; mal de debraquement, and other undefined vestibular deficiencies. Subject Category: Hearing. Balance. Descriptors: Inner Ear Disorder. Vestibular Disorder. Balance Disorder. Vertigo. Dizziness. Neurovestibular Disorder.

390.

Minimizing Acquired Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Author(s): Kujawa, S. G. Source: In: The ASHA Leader. (9)7:10 April, 2004. Availability: Available from American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Web site: http://www.professional.asha.org. Language: English. Abstract: In this article the author discusses advances in hearing loss research that seek to understand the molecular bases for some types of hearing loss. Two specific research programs are covered: the first aims to identify genetic contributions to acquired sensorineural haring loss (SNHL) susceptibility, the other will apply information from the first program, as well as from other pharmacologic and molecular advances, to the goal of developing targeted inner ear therapies to prevent or minimize SHNL in humans. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Disorder. Deafness. Hearing Loss Research. Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Hearing Loss Therapy.

391.

Public School Cued Speech Program for Children With

Hearing Loss and Special Learning Needs.

Author(s): LeBlanc, B. M. Source: In: The Volta Review: Multiple Challenges-Multiple Solutions: Children With Hearing Loss and Special Needs. Perigoe, C.B.; Perigoe, R., Eds. Washington, DC. The Volta Review 104(4):327-338. 2004. Availability: Available from the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. Publications Department, 3417 Volta Place, NW, Washington, DC 20007. (202) 337-5220 or (202)337-5221 (TTY). Website: www.agbell.org. Language: English. Abstract: The chapter, which focuses on language and literacy skills, describes a public school Cued Speech program used by a Louisiana public school system. For the past 9 years, this public school system has included both regular and special education instructors in the children's programming. As a team, they design individualized goals and accommodations that are similar to those set for the children's peers with normal hearing and similar learning needs. The programming includes Cued Speech; intensive speech, language, and listening training; use of

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