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Abstract: New design guidelines that cover access for people with disabilities under the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990. The guidelines update access requirements for a wide range of facilities in the public and private sectors covered by the law. These new guidelines detail how accessibility is to be achieved in new construction and alterations and provide specifications for various building elements and spaces: ramps, parking, restrooms, and telephones, among others. This document is the culmination of a comprehensive, decade-long review and update of the Access Board's ADA Accessibility Guidelines, which were first published in 1991. Revisions to the guidelines continue to meet the needs of people with disabilities and keep pace with technological innovations. One example is new provisions for ATMs that specify audible output to give people with vision impairments equal access, and reach ranges have been lowered to better serve people who use wheelchairs and persons of short stature. The guidelines feature also a new format and organization and have been extensively edited for greater clarity. The updated guidelines are based largely on recommendations from an advisory committee the Board established for this purpose. The ADAAG Review Advisory Committee represented a cross section of stakeholders: representatives from disability groups, the design profession, and building codes organizations. The final version was further shaped by public input that included over 2,500 draft comment responses to a previously published draft. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Americans With Disabilities Act. Accessibility Guidelines.


Evaluation of Selected Auditory Tests in School-Age Children

Suspected of Auditory Processing Disorders.

Author(s): Vanniasegaram, I., Cohen, M., Rosen, S. Source: Ear and Hearing: Journal of The American Auditory Society. 25(6): 586-97. December 2004. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 530 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3621. Voice: (215) 521-8300. Website: http://www.ear-hearing.com. Language: English. Abstract: A summary and findings of s study designed to compare the auditory function of a group of 32 children with normal hearing (ages 6- 14). The subjects attend mainstream schools and were referred for auditory evaluation because of listening/hearing problems (suspected auditory processing disorders) Thirty-three controls of similar ages with normal hearing were used in the study also. The groups performed four auditory tasks (two verbal and two nonverbal) selected because they have previously exhibited some promise in distinguishing developmentally language-impaired children with auditory processing disorder from those without, and because they appear to test a range of abilities. Findings showed two of the tasks, one verbal and one nonverbal, detected impaired listening skills in 56 percent of the children who were referred to the clinic, compared with 6 percent of the controls: performance on the two tasks was not correlated. According to the research team, these findings highlight the importance of carrying out a complete auditory evaluation in children referred for medical attention, even if their standard audiometric evaluation is unremarkable. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Children. Auditory Processing Disorder. Hearing Disorder. Deafness.


Dietary Considerations With Endolymphatic Hydrops,

Meniere's Disease, and Vestibular Migraine.

Author(s): Vestibular Disorders Association. Source: Vestibular Disorders Association. 2004. Availability: Available from the Vestibular Disorders Association. P.O. Box 13305, Portland, OR 97213. (800) 837-8428. E-mail: veda@vestibular.org. Website: http://www.vestibular.org. PRICE: $3 member, $4 non-member per single copy. Language: English. Abstract: This article covers dietary guidelines and goals for maintaining stability in body fluids to minimize fluid imbalances and relieve inner ear pressures that cause Meniere's disease and vestibular migraines. The author gives suggestions for foods and other substances to avoid, like tobacco, and tyramine (a substance found in foods like chocolate, red wine, and ripened cheeses), and MSG. Subject Category: Hearing. Balance. Descriptors: Tinnitus. Balance Dysfunction. Inner-Ear Problems.


Headaches. Dizziness. Regulating Inner-Ear Fluid. Managing Ear Disorders.


Progress Achieved In Setting Standards For Hearing

Aid/Digital Cell Phone Compatibility.

Author(s): Victorian, T., Preves, D. Source: The Hearing Journal 57(9):25. September 2004. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Customer Service, P.O. 1175, Lowell, MA 01853. (978) 262-9611. Fax: (978) 262- 9617. Web site: www.thehearingjournal.com. Language: EN. Abstract: In this paper, the authors present a brief history of the development of standards for assessing the comparability of hearing aids and telephones. In particular, the authors discuss standards for measuring the immunity of hearing aids to digital cell telephone (DCT) interference and the harmonization of the IEC and ANSI hearing aid immunity standards. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Assistive Technology. Hearing Aid. Hearing Technology Advancement. Hearing Aid Immunity Standards. Hearing Aid Standards. Hearing Aid Assessment.


Feasibility of Treating Hearing Disorders With Stem Cells:


Author(s): Waters, K. C. Source: ENT: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal. 83(10): 107-17. October 2004. Availability: Available from Medquest Communications LLC, 3800 Lakeside Avenue, Suite 201, Cleveland, OH 44114. (216) 391-9100. E- mail: circulation@entjournal.com. Web site: http://www.entjournal.com/. Language: English. Abstract: In this report the authors discuss the feasibility of treating hearing loss with stem cells, a procedure that could, in the future, be a possible cure for some forms of hearing loss. According to the authors, treatment of hearing loss continues to be a major challenge to otolaryngologists, as more than 30 percent of adults over 65 have a debilitating hearing disorder. The authors perceive the recent isolation of adult stem cells from the mouse utricle that have the capacity to differentiate into cells from all three germ layers -- and more importantly, into inner ear hair cells -- as offering a viable option for the treatment of hearing loss. This report indicates that embryonic stem cells are also capable of differentiating into hair cells, further expanding the possibility that in the future restorative treatment of sensorineural hearing loss may be developed. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Loss. Treating Hearing Loss. Stem Cell Research. Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Embryonic Stem Cells. Adult Stem Cells.


What To Expect If You Need Special Tests.

Author(s): Wazen, J. J., Mitchell, D. Source: In: Dizzy: What You Need to Know About Managing and Treating Balance Disorders. Fireside, February, 2004. 174-83 pp. ISBN: 0-7432- 3622-X. Availability: Available from Simon & Schuster Mail Order. 100 Front Street, Riverside, NJ 08075. 1-800-323-7445. E:mail: Consumer.CustomerService@simonandschuster.com. Web site: http://www.simonsays.com/. PRICE: $14 plus shipping and handling. Language: English. Abstract: This chapter from a patient guide book on managing and treating balance disorders is intended to help patients understand what to expect from 'special' testing and how these additional tests can provide information to help their doctors decide the best treatment approach for their dizziness and specific balance disorder. Subject Category: Balance. Hearing. Descriptors: Dizziness. Balance Disorder. Inner Ear Disorder. Vertigo. Vestibular Disorders. Balance Disorder Screening.


Drugs and Environmental Causes.

Author(s): Wazen, J. J., Mitchell, D. Source: In: Dizzy: What You Need to Know About Managing and Treating Balance Disorders. Fireside, February, 2004. 145-64 pp. ISBN: 0-7432-

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