Loss. Speech Disorder. Hearing Impairment. Communication Disorder. Cognitive Dysfunction.
Common Misconceptions About ENG
Author(s): Desmond, A. L. Source: Vestibular Disorders Association Newsletter: On the Level. 21(1):1-4. Winter 2005. Availability: Available from the Vestibular Disorders Association. P.O. Box 4467, Portland, OR 97208-4467. (800) 837-8428. E-mail: email@example.com. Website: http://www.vestibular.org. Language: English. Abstract: This article attempts to clear up some of the misunderstanding associated with electronystagmography (ENG), specifically the extent and limitations of the information that can be obtained from ENG testing. Possible 'misses' that can occur when a more comprehensive evaluation is not made available to those with a normal ENG exam are reviewed. The author also stresses the importance of using ENG results in the context of a patient's history and medical examination. ENG is defined in this article as having been the cornerstone of vestibular testing for more than 50 years. Subject Category: Balance. Hearing. Descriptors: Vestibular Testing. Vestibular Pathology. Vestibular Rehabilitation. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. BPPV. Inner-Ear Disorder. Balance Disorder.
Diode Laser Myringotomy for Chronic Otitis Media With
Effusion in Adults.
Author(s): Diego, Z. Source: Otology & Neurotology. 26(1):12-17. January 2005. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Customer Service, P.O. Box 1175, Lowell, MA 01853. (978) 262-9611. Fax: (978) 262-9617. Website: www.otology-neurotology.com. Language: English. Abstract: The research study reviewed in this article was conducted to analyze the closure time of diode laser-assisted myringotomies, the incidence of complications, and the hearing results in comparison with the 'cold' procedure in adults with otitis media with effusion (OME). The subjects were 28 adult patients, age 13 to 76 years, with a medical history of 3 months (or more) of OME resistant to medical therapy. Twenty-two control patients underwent cold myringotomies with knife and ventilation tubes (VT). Diode laser myringotomy was performed in an office setting under local anesthesia with topical EMLA ointment. The research team measured timing of closure of the myringotomy, hearing results, incidence of complications, and recurrence of OME. Based on results, the authors findings and conclusions included the following: Diode laser myringotomy is a straightforward, painless procedure simplified by the thin fiberoptic cables available; functional benefit is comparable to conventional tympanostomies plus VTs, but the duration of patency is too short to achieve long-term clearance of the effusion in 'glue' ears of adult patients; selected indications could be acute or recurrent otitis media or the prevention of barotraumas in tubal dysfunction. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Middle Ear Infection. Managing Ear Infections in Adults. Otitis Media. Ear Disorder. Hearing Research.
Exceptional Parent: 2005 Annual Resource Guide.
Author(s): Exceptional Parent. Source: Exceptional Parent. 35(1) January 2005. 195pp. Availability: Available from Exceptional Parent. P.O. Box 2078, Marion, OH 43305-2178. (877) 372-7368. Website: www.eparent.com. PRICE: $19.95. Language: English. Abstract: This special issue of Exceptional Parent contains resources for specific disabilities and conditions, parent training and information centers, parent to parent programs, subscription-donation programs, alliance for technology access centers, state assistive technology access centers, the national fathers' network, national information and advocacy resources, federal and federally funded information resources, state directors of special education, and university-affiliated programs. For each resource listed, the guide provides title of program, address, and telephone number; most are arranged geographically include Canadian resources. The guide also contains a list of publications for sale from the
Exceptional Parent Library. Subject Category: Hearing. Speech. Balance. Language. Voice. Descriptors: Information Resources. Parent Education. Children. Disabilities. Adolescents. Advocacy. Support Services. Support Groups. Assistive Devices. Technology. Early Intervention. Government Agencies. Special Education.
Adaptive Directional Microphone Technology and Hearing
Aids: Theoretical and Clinical Implications.
Author(s): Fabry, D. A. Source: The Hearing Review. 12(4):22. April 2005. Availability: Available from the Hearing Review. Website: www.hearingreview.com/. Correspondence can be addressed to HR or David Fabry, Ph.D, Phonak LLC, 4520 Weaver Parkway, Warrenville, IL 60555. E-mail: Dave.Fabry@phonak.com. Language: English. Abstract: This article reviews the four common types of directional hearing aid systems. The author offers ideas for how these systems can maximize customer satisfaction. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Aids. Hearing Assistive Devices. Directional Systems. Hearing Technology. Deafness.
Acceptable Noise Level As a Measure of Directional Hearing
Author(s): Freyaldenhoven, M. C. Source: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology. 16(4):228-236. April 2005. Availability: Address correspondence to Melinda C. Freyaldenhoven, University of Tennessee, Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, 444 South Stadium Hall, Knoxville, TN 37996-0740. (865) 974- 1787. Fax: (865) 974-1539. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Language: English. Abstract: This article describes a study that compared an acceptable noise level (ANL) procedure for measuring hearing aid directional benefit with masked speech reception threshold (SRT) and front-to-back ratio (FBR) procedures. ANL is the difference between the most comfortable listening level and the maximum accepted background noise level while listening to speech. Participants were 40 adults who had been fitted binaurally with hearing aids containing omnidirectional and directional modes and who had worn hearing aids for at least 3 months. They had been fitted with hearing aids by clinical audiologists independent of the study. For each procedure, speech and noise were presented through loudspeakers located at zero degrees and 180 degrees azimuth, respectively. Mean ANL, SRT, and FBR directional benefits were not significantly different. The ANL and masked SRT benefits were correlated significantly. The ANL appears to be quick and easy to administer. It requires standard clinical equipment. Therefore, it appears that the ANL procedure may be a viable alternative to other procedures for measuring directional benefit in hearing aids. 2 figures. 3 tables. 31 references. (AA- M). Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Noise Measurement. Hearing Aids. Signal Processing. Masking. Sound.
Speech and Language Development in Cognitively Delayed
Children With Cochlear Implants.
Author(s): Frush Holt, R., Iler Kirk, K. Source: The American Auditory Society: Ear and Hearing Journal. www.amauditorysoc.org. 26(2):132-148. April 2005. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 530 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3621. (215) 521-8300. Website: www.ear- hearing.com. Language: English. Abstract: This article presents an overview of an investigative study in which researchers examined the speech and language development of deaf children with cochlear implants and mild cognitive delay and compared their gains with those of children with cochlear implants without the additional impairment. The subjects are 69 prelingually deafened children with cochlear implants who were examined retrospectively. Nineteen children were found to have had mild cognitive delays and 50 did not have any identified additional disabilities. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in speech and language skills