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population who will bear the surgical outcome for many decades. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Mastoidectomy Technique. Canal Wall Window Procedure. Hearing Rehabilitation. Ear Surgery. Children. Cholesteatoma. Pediatric. Ear Disorder Management.

516.

Reading Performance in Children With Otitis Media.

Author(s): Golz, A. Source: Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 132(3): 495-499. March 2005. Availability: Available from Elsevier Science. (800) 654-2452. Fax: (212) 633-3820. E-mail: reprints@elsevier.com. Website: www.us.elsevierhealth.com. Language: English. Abstract: This article presents a review of a study in which researchers examine whether middle ear diseases and the associated hearing loss in early childhood affect reading performance later. The study subjects were 160 children, 6.5 to 8 years of age, 80 with a history of recurrent infections and/or prolonged periods of effusions of the middle ear before the age of 5 years, and 80 without any history of middle ear disease. The research team collected data from the children's medical records. Each child was given a complete otological and audiological evaluation, followed by special reading tests. Based on the research findings, researchers concluded that children with recurrent or prolonged middle ear diseases during the first 5 years of life tend to be at greater risk for delayed reading than age-matched controls with no previous middle ear diseases. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Disorders in Children. Middle Ear Infection. Reading Skills Development. Learning Disability. Hearing Research.

517.

Role of Factor V Leiden and Prothrombin G20210a Mutations

in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Author(s): Gorur, K. Source: Otology & Neurotology. 26(4):599-601. July 2005. Availability: Reprints available from Dr. Kemal Gorur, Mersin Universitesi Tip Fak, Hastanesi KBB A., Dali, Mersin, Turkey. E-mail: kgorur@mersin.edu.tr. Language: English. Abstract: This article describes a study that investigated the incidence of factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A in sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) patients. Fifty-six patients with SSHL and 95 controls were enrolled in the study. Two weeks before the hearing loss developed, 18 patients reported a history of upper respiratory infection. Twenty-seven patients had vertigo or tinnitus in addition to hearing loss. Factor V Leiden mutation was detected in 16.1 percent of the SSHL patients, but it was positive in only 5.26 percent of the controls. The difference between the groups was significant. However, the incidence of prothrombin G20210A mutations did not differ in the patient group when compared with the controls. Factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations were heterozygous in all of the participants. Anticoagulant therapy may be suggested in the management of idiopathic SSHL patients with factor V Leiden mutations. 1 figure. 1 table. 18 references. (AA-M). Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Genetics. Blood. Cardiovascular Diseases. Risk Factors.

518.

Earwax Blockage (Cerumen Impaction).

Author(s): Griffith, H. W. Source: In: Griffith, H.W. Instructions for Patients (7th ed). Orlando, FL: W.B. Saunders Company, 2005. p. 152. Availability: Available from W.B. Saunders Company. Order Fulfillment, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887. (800) 545-2522. Fax: (800) 874-6418. PRICE: $69.95 plus shipping and handling. ISBN: 1416000364. Language: EN. Abstract: This fact sheet on cerumen impaction (earwax blockage) is from a compilation of instructions for patients, published in book format. The fact sheet provides information in three sections: basic information, including a description of the condition, frequent signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, preventive measures, expected outcome, and possible complications; treatment, including general measures, medication, activity guidelines, and diet; and when to contact one's health care provider. The fact sheet is designed to be photocopied and

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distributed to patients as a reinforcement of oral instructions and as a teaching tool. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Earwax. Diagnosis. Treatment. Patient Education. Infection. Symptoms. Etiology. Risk Factors. Activities of Daily Living. Prevention. Complications. Drug Therapy.

519. Tinnitus.

Author(s): Griffith, H. W. Source: In: Griffith, H.W. Instructions for Patients (7th ed). Orlando, FL: W.B. Saunders Company, 2005. p. 503. Availability: Available from W.B. Saunders Company. Order Fulfillment, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887. (800) 545-2522. Fax: (800) 874-6418. PRICE: $69.95 plus shipping and handling. ISBN: 1416000364. Language: EN. Abstract: This fact sheet on tinnitus (a persistent sound hear in one or both ears when there is no environmental noise) is from a compilation of instructions for patients, published in book format. The fact sheet provides information in three sections: basic information, including a description of the condition, frequent signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, preventive measures, expected outcome, and possible complications; treatment, including general measures, medication, activity guidelines, and diet; and when to contact one's health care provider. The fact sheet is designed to be photocopied and distributed to patients as a reinforcement of oral instructions and as a teaching tool. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Tinnitus. Diagnosis. Treatment. Patient Education. Symptoms. Etiology. Risk Factors. Activities of Daily Living. Prevention. Complications. Drug Therapy. Diet Therapy.

520.

Eardrum, Ruptured (Tympanic-Membrane Perforation).

Author(s): Griffith, H. W. Source: In: Griffith, H.W. Instructions for Patients (7th ed). Orlando, FL: W.B. Saunders Company, 2005. p. 151. Availability: Available from W.B. Saunders Company. Order Fulfillment, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887. (800) 545-2522. Fax: (800) 874-6418. PRICE: $69.95 plus shipping and handling. ISBN: 1416000364. Language: EN. Abstract: This fact sheet on ruptured eardrums (tympanic-membrane perforation) is from a compilation of instructions for patients, published in book format. The fact sheet provides information in three sections: basic information, including a description of the condition, frequent signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, preventive measures, expected outcome, and possible complications; treatment, including general measures, medication, activity guidelines, and diet; and when to contact one's health care provider. The fact sheet is designed to be photocopied and distributed to patients as a reinforcement of oral instructions and as a teaching tool. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Eardrum Perforation. Tympanic Membrane. Diagnosis. Treatment. Patient Education. Symptoms. Etiology. Risk Factors. Activities of Daily Living. Prevention. Complications. Drug Therapy.

521.

Hearing Impairment or Loss (Deafness).

Author(s): Griffith, H. W. Source: In: Griffith, H.W. Instructions for Patients (7th ed). Orlando, FL: W.B. Saunders Company, 2005. p. 218. Availability: Available from W.B. Saunders Company. Order Fulfillment, 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887. (800) 545-2522. Fax: (800) 874-6418. PRICE: $69.95 plus shipping and handling. ISBN: 1416000364. Language: EN. Abstract: This fact sheet on hearing impairment or loss is from a compilation of instructions for patients, published in book format. The fact sheet provides information in three sections: basic information, including a description of the condition, frequent signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, preventive measures, expected outcome, and possible complications; treatment, including general measures, medication, activity guidelines, and diet; and when to contact one's health care provider. The fact sheet is designed to be photocopied and distributed to patients as a reinforcement of oral instructions and as a teaching tool.

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