Abstract: This chapter from a sourcebook that reviews the most clinically useful options for helping children who have language impairments focuses on auditory processing and auditory integration training. The author begins by highlighting the importance of hearing for language and academic learning and socialization. This is followed by a discussion of auditory processing disorders, the importance of assessing auditory functioning, and the components of an audiologic evaluation. The author then describes various auditory processing tests, including dichotic tests, low redundancy tests, temporal processing tests, and electrophysiological tests, and discusses the management of auditory function disorders. In addition, the author examines auditory integration training (AIT), a treatment for an auditory function disorder. Topics include the theoretical basis of AIT, the determination of candidacy for AIT, the audiologic evaluation, the determination of auditory attention skills, word recognition testing, auditory processing testing, AIT devices, and expected outcomes. The chapter also includes several case histories. 1 table. 66 references. Subject Category: Hearing. Language. Speech. Descriptors: Hearing. Learning. Social Skills. Language Development. Auditory Processing. Diagnostic Tests. Therapy. Case Studies.
Study of Prognostic Factors in Sudden Hearing Loss.
Author(s): Mamak, A. Source: EMT: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal. 84(10):641-644. October 2005. Availability: Reprints available from Dr. Suleyman Yilmaz, Istanbul Universitesi Cerrahpasa, TipFakKBB ABD, Istanbul, Turkey. 90-216-576- 7012. Fax: 90-216-469-5338. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Language: English. Abstract: This article describes a study of the prognostic significance of the presence or absence of vertigo and tinnitus, the timing of the initiation of treatment, the type and severity of hearing loss, and age of 72 patients who had experienced sudden hearing loss. Patients provided a history and underwent numerous tests. Researchers found that the factors associated with a positive prognosis were the absence of vertigo, the presence of tinnitus, initiation of treatment within 7 days, a greater degree of hearing loss in the low frequencies, and a hearing loss of less than 45 decibels. There was no evidence that age had an effect on prognosis. 2 tables. 19 references. (AA-M). Subject Category: Balance. Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Loss. Sudden Deafness. Vertigo. Tinnitus. Therapy. Age Factors. Prognosis.
Pathology and Pathophysiology of Idiopathic Sudden
Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
Author(s): Merchant, S. N. Source: Otology & Neurotology. 26(2):151-160, March 2005. Availability: Available from Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Customer Service, P.O. 1175, Lowell, MA 01853. (978) 262-9611. Fax: (978) 262- 9617. Language: English. Abstract: According to the authors of this article, the cause and pathogenesis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss remain unknown but the common theories associated with this disorder are vascular occlusion, membrane breaks, and viral cochleitis. The aim of this medical team is to describe the temporal bone histopathology in 17 patients (aged 45-94) with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss in the researchers' temporal bone collection and discuss the implications of the histopathologic findings with respect to the pathophysiology of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. In their conclusion, the team presents the hypothesis that idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss may be the result of pathologic activation of cellular stress pathways involving nuclear factor-[kappa] B within the cochlea. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Deafness. Hearing Research. Hearing Loss Causation.
Fast ForWord Language: A Research Update.
Author(s): Miller, S. L. Source: Innovative Methods in Language Intervention: Treatment Outcome Measures. Can the Data Support the Claims?. Wankoff, L.S., Ed. Austin, TX. PRO-ED, Inc. 2005. pp. 141-174. ISBN: 1-4164-0117-2 (softcover). Availability: Available from PRO-ED, Inc. 8700 Shoal Creek Boulevard,
Austin, TX 78757-6897. (800) 897-3202. Fax: (800) 397-7633. Website: www.proedinc.com. PRICE: $35. Order number 12073. Language: English. Abstract: This chapter from a sourcebook that reviews the most clinically useful options for helping children who have language impairments focuses on Fast ForWord Language, an adaptive computer-based product developed to provide practice in the following areas of receptive language: phonemic awareness, language structures, verbal working memory, and listening accuracy. The product, which is designed for children ages 4 to 14 years, consists of seven exercises presented in the form of motivational computer exercises. The chapter discusses the principles underlying the development of the product and describes each exercise. In addition, the chapter highlights previous studies showing improvements in the language performance of clinical populations with associated language deficits and presents additional studies of the efficacy of Fast ForWord Language in special populations. Special populations include children with cochlear implants, pervasive developmental disabilities, specific reading disability with and without co- occurring language problems, and unclassified children with low reading and language performance. 4 figures. 4 tables. Numerous references. Subject Category: Hearing. Language. Speech. Descriptors: Children. Software. Receptive Language. Language Intervention. Language Skills. Phonics. Language Comprehension. Listening Comprehension. Reading Disorders. Dyslexia. Reading Comprehension. Cochlear Implants. Developmental Disorders.
Improved Speech Perception in Adult Congenitally Deafened
Cochlear Implant Recipients.
Author(s): Moody-Antonio, S. Source: Otology & Neurotology. 26(4):649-654. July 2005. Availability: Reprints available from Dr. Stephanie Moody-Antonio, Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Hofheimer Hall, 825 FairFax: Avenue, Norfolk, VA 23507. Language: English. Abstract: This article describes a study that determined whether congenitally deafened adults achieve improved speech perception when auditory and visual speech information is available after cochlear implantation. Participants were eight adults with profound congenital bilateral hearing loss who underwent cochlear implantation as adults. For all eight as a group, the audiovisual scores were significantly better than auditory-alone or visual-alone scores. Three participants appeared to have a simple additive effect in the audiovisual condition. Three other participants performed better in the audiovisual condition than would be estimated by simple addition of scores obtained in the audiovisual and visual conditions. Two participants did not show improvement in speech understanding in the audiovisual condition compared with the unimodal conditions. Results suggest a significant capacity for multimodal speech perception in congenitally deafened adult cochlear implant patients. 1 figure. 2 tables. 25 references. (AA-M). Subject Category: Hearing. Speech. Descriptors: Adults. Congenital Deafness. Cochlear Implants. Speechreading. Speech Perception.
ALD Applications: Fabulous FM.
Author(s): Mosheim.J. Source: ADVANCE for Audiologists. 7(1):23. Jan/Feb. 2005. Availability: Available from Merion Publications, Inc. 2900 Horizon Drive, Box 61556 King of Prussia, PA 19406-0956. (610) 278-1400. Web site: www.advanceweb.com/. Language: English. Abstract: According to the author of this article, hearing loss is the number one birth defect in the United States. This article focuses on managing hearing loss in young children, specifically to couple an FM system to children's hearing aids. The author suggests that FM optimizes speech intelligibility in all situations where distance, noise and reverberation interfere with communication and without early intervention and amplification during the first few months of life, children can experience communication delays. Subject Category: Hearing. Descriptors: Hearing Assistive Devices. Managing Infant Hearing Loss. Pediatric Hearing Loss. Hearing Aids. FM Systems.
Deaf Patients, Hearing Medical Personnel: Interpreting and