higher than did much better than did Level 9 and 8 gymnasts. Examples of adverse
conditions inherent in competitive gymnastics are as follows: continuing to perform
after a mistake or fall, persistence in competing while ill or injured (a frequent
occurrence in the sport of gymnastics), problems with family or friends to which most
teenage girls seem to be especially susceptible to, adjusting to changes in routine
environmental conditions on the floor or equipment (for example, lighting conditions at
variance with the familiar or expected), problems or difficulty with a particular skill just
before competition, inadequate amount or too much chalk on the bars, or different types
of equipment at the competition then they are used to in practice. Other adverse
conditions include such factors as the tumbling floor being stiffer then what the
gymnasts are used to. Also, the inability to get their steps correct on the vaulting
runway, the pressure of higher levels of competition, dealing with media and publicity,
and the stress of adjusting to jet-lag when traveling from one time zone to another.
Every athlete encounters adversity and those who handle it better, will more than likely
be more successful.
A significant difference was not noted between Levels 10 and 11 (“elite”) on
Coping with Adversity. It may well be that differences between these groups are due to
differences on other subscales or on physical or experiential factors.
It is interesting to note that the Level 7 gymnasts did not always follow the trend
exhibited by the other levels in that they did not differ significantly from the “elites”.
Earlier, when describing the Level 7 gymnast, it was mentioned that these gymnasts are
beginner-intermediate in skill level and experience, and typically younger. This is the