gymnast can score 9.5-9.8 giving her a feeling of extreme confidence entering
subsequent competitions. That same lower level gymnast, however, if thrust into high
levels of competition, would not display a high degree of confidence in their chances.
However, since the ACSI-28 assesses current status of a gymnast on psychological
skills, the difference between confidence that an elite acquires when scoring well and a
lower level gymnast acquires when scoring well may be minimal. What is important is
that as a gymnast advances in skill and competitive level, confidence be maintained, or
even enhanced. It may well be that achievement motivation may be more of a
determining factor than confidence when calculating scores for the Confidence and
Achievement Motivation subscale.
One factor that may differentiate gymnasts no matter what level they are is their
approach to performing new skills, routines, and especially competition. Is the athlete’s
approach one of confidence that they will be successful, or, is their approach more of
trying to avoid failure? The more successful athletes approach competition with a
feeling of confidence that they will be successful (Gordin & Henschen, 1989).
Personal Coping Resources
The personal coping resources score, a composite score of all seven subscales,
showed a significant LEVEL effect. Tukey’s analysis revealed that the Level 11
(“elite”) scored higher than Level 9. Once again, when viewing Table IV, a trend can
be seen among the different PCR scores with the Level 11 (“elite”) being highest and
comparable to PCR scores of the highest level athletes in other sports.