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Freedom from Worry

Very little difference was found among the levels for the Freedom from Worry

subscale. Furthermore, gymnasts as a whole scored lower on this subscale compared to

other sports (Table IV). Gymnasts, apparently, are not free from worry. Reasons for

this may be due to several factors: (a) the relatively young age of these athletes, (b) fear

of a skill causing them to worry all day at school and at night after they get home from

practice, (c) worry about disappointing a coach or parent, or, (d) worry about not

making it to the next level with their friends. Younger athletes may be more susceptible

to worry. More research should be done in this area.


As in the Freedom from Worry subscale, little difference is indicated among

levels for the Coachability subscale. Also, the scores are lower for gymnasts than for

athletes in other sports. Two factors that may be having an effect on low Coachability

scores are fear and age. Many gymnasts are very young and may have difficulty

handling fear. Older and more experienced athletes understand the fear and will try to

work through it. Young athletes might blame the coach for making them do the skill

and inadvertently become less coachable. Also, there are coaches in gymnastics who

lack the training to coach effectively and safely. Many have difficulty to communicate

and motivate their athletes. Athletes sense this at times, losing faith in their coaches

which leads to mistrust and less coachability. This feeling is magnified if less than

adequate coaching has led to injuries suffered by the athlete. Poor spotting on

troublesome skills and/or poor judgment by the coach when deciding when and when

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