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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

The following section represents a review of literature on the psychological

characteristics of elite and non-elite level gymnasts and focuses on the primary aspects

of the topic related to the research questions set forth. This chapter is divided into two

sections. The two sections include the following: (a) a summary of the research

literature involving psychological assessments of competitive gymnasts, and (b) a

review of the literature concerning studies involving the Athletic Coping Skills

Inventory – 28 (ACSI-28).

Psychological Assessments of Competitive Gymnasts

There has been an increase in the amount of research on sport psychology in the

United States, however, studies involving psychological descriptions of competitive

gymnasts have received much less attention. The most popular method for assessing

athletes psychologically is the use of self-report inventories. Sport psychologists use a

variety of these inventories for the purpose of assessing an athlete’s psychological

characteristics and related behavior. Based on the results of such psychological

assessment, strategies or programs designed to remediate noted psychological

deficiencies may be implemented. Reasons for psychological assessments of athletes

_______________

This Record of Study follows the style and format of The International Journal of Sport Psychology.

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