readmission is not subject to this section.
(b) Prohibitions — (1) With respect to mothers — (i) In general. A group health plan
may not —
(A) Deny a mother or her newborn child eligibility or continued eligibility to enroll or
renew coverage under the terms of the plan solely to avoid the requirements of this section; or
(B) Provide payments (including payments-in-kind) or rebates to a mother to encourage
her to accept less than the minimum protections available under this section.
(ii) Examples. The rules of this paragraph (b)(1) are illustrated by the following
examples. In each example, the group health plan is subject to the requirements of this section, as
Example 1. (i) A group health plan provides benefits for at least a 48-hour hospital length of stay following a vaginal delivery. If a mother and newborn covered under the plan are discharged within 24 hours after the delivery, the plan will waive the copayment and deductible.
(ii) In this Example 1, because waiver of the copayment and deductible is in the nature of a rebate that the mother would not receive if she and her newborn remained in the hospital, it is prohibited by this paragraph (b)(1). (In addition, the plan violates paragraph (b)(2) of this section because, in effect, no copayment or deductible is required for the first portion of the stay and a double copayment and a deductible are required for the second portion of the stay.)
Example 2. (i) A group health plan provides benefits for at least a 48-hour hospital length of stay following a vaginal delivery. In the event that a mother and her newborn are discharged earlier than 48 hours and the discharges occur after consultation with the mother in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (a)(5) of this section, the plan provides for a follow-up visit by a nurse within 48 hours after the discharges to provide certain services that the mother and her newborn would otherwise receive in the hospital.
(ii) In this Example 2, because the follow-up visit does not provide any services beyond what the mother and her newborn would receive in the hospital, coverage for the follow-up visit is not prohibited by this paragraph (b)(1).
(2) With respect to benefit restrictions — (i) In general. Subject to paragraph (c)(3) of