Prudential Financial, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Derivative Instruments (continued)
Credit Risk The Company is exposed to credit-related losses in the event of nonperformance by counterparties to derivative financial instruments. Generally, the current credit exposure of the Company’s derivative contracts is limited to the fair value at the reporting date. The credit exposure of the Company’s swaps transactions is represented by the fair value (market value) of contracts with a positive fair value (market value) at the reporting date. Because exchange- traded futures and options are effected through regulated exchanges, and positions are marked to market on a daily basis, the Company has little exposure to credit-related losses in the event of nonperformance by counterparties to such financial instruments. The credit exposure of exchange-traded instruments is represented by the negative change, if any, in the fair value (market value) of contracts from the fair value (market value) at the reporting date. The credit exposure of currency forwards is represented by the difference, if any, between the exchange rate specified in the contract and the exchange rate for the same currency at the reporting date.
The Company manages credit risk by entering into transactions with creditworthy counterparties and obtaining collateral where appropriate and customary. In addition, the Company enters into over-the-counter swaps pursuant to master agreements that provide for a single net payment to be made by one counterparty to another at each due date and upon termination. Likewise, the Company effects exchange-traded futures and options through regulated exchanges and these positions are marked to market on a daily basis.
The Company has organized its principal operations into the Financial Services Businesses and the Closed Block Business. Within the Financial Services Businesses, the Company operates through four divisions which, together, encompass ten reportable segments. The four operating divisions within the Financial Services Businesses are: U.S. Consumer, Employee Benefits, International and Asset Management. Businesses that are not sufficiently material to warrant separate disclosure are included in Corporate and Other operations. Collectively, the businesses that comprise the four operating divisions and Corporate and Other are referred to as the Financial Services Businesses. The segments within the Financial Services Businesses as well as the Closed Block Business correspond to businesses for which discrete financial information is available and reviewed by management.
The U.S. Consumer division consists of the Individual Life Insurance, Private Client Group, Retail Investments and Property and Casualty Insurance segments. The Individual Life Insurance segment manufactures and distributes variable life, term life, universal life, and other non-participating life insurance products to the United States retail market and distributes investment and protection products for other segments. The Private Client Group segment offers full service securities brokerage and financial advisory services, as well as consumer banking services, to retail customers in the United States. The Retail Investments segment manufactures, distributes and services mutual funds, variable and fixed annuities and wrap-fee products to retail customers in the United States. The Property and Casualty Insurance segment manufactures and distributes personal lines property and casualty insurance products, principally automobile and homeowners insurance, to the United States retail market.
The Employee Benefits division consists of the Group Insurance and Other Employee Benefits segments. The Group Insurance segment manufactures and distributes group life, disability and related insurance products in connection with employee and member benefit plans. The Other Employee Benefits segment manufactures, services and delivers products and services for defined contribution and other retirement plans as well as guaranteed investment contracts, group annuities and relocation services to employers. The Other Employee Benefits segment also markets real estate brokerage franchises to regional and local real estate brokers.
The International division consists of the International Insurance and International Securities and Investments segments. The International Insurance segment manufactures and distributes principally individual life insurance products to the affluent retail market in Japan, as well as Korea and Taiwan, and has commenced operations in selected Asian, Latin American and European countries. The International Securities and Investments segment offers brokerage services, primarily in U.S. securities, asset management and financial advisory services to retail and institutional clients outside of the United States.
The Asset Management division consists of the Investment Management and Advisory Services and Other Asset Management segments. The Investment Management and Advisory Services segment provides institutional asset
Prudential Financial 2001 Annual Report