Specific observations on indivicual articles 2 till 6 of the Convention.
Apart from the Committee’s Concluding observations nos 10 and 11 discussed above, the Committee expressed substantive concerns regarding specific articles in the observations 12-22. DACoRD regrets to be unable to find improvements in regards to the Committee recommendations nos. 12,13,14,15,17,18,19, 20, 21 and 22. In certain respects the situation may have become graver.
In respect of the Committee’s concern over unemployment among “immigrants” and “descendants” in recommendation 16 DACoRD would note some improvement in the reporting period. These improvements can generally be ascribed to labour shortage on the labour market which could help previously marginalized persons to gain access to jobs. It is yet too early to say whether this trend will be counteracted by the economic crisis. However, one effect of the crisis and globalization has been a structural development that led to the loss of large numbers of unskilled jobs in Denmark. It is, however, more doubtful whether these structural trends on the labour market will have long-term effects on discrimination in the labour market. It has not been documented that so-called economic incentive legislation such as the starting allowance or the 450 hours rule – both concerning reduced social benefits – has improved equal access to ordinary employment on equal terms. We refer to further comments below under art. 3 and 5.e.i.
One reason that little progress has been taking place in relation to the Concluding observations from 2006 may be found in the decisive role of the Danish Popular Party as majority alliance for the Government since the general election in November 2001. On 6 May 2002 two members Søren Krarup and Jesper Langballe of the party had negotiations on the Aliens Act with the then Minister of Integration Bertel Haarder. In an interview with the newspaper Information (8 Dec. 2006) Søren Krarup later stated: “If I should be solemn, it was a national question, which had to be resolved. It was of course a matter of getting a handle on the disastrous immigration. That was the pressure upon us. We were driven by our conscience to straighten the nation. Jesper and I had to get a handle on the immigration. That was the main objective.” …”The Agreement from 2002 on the aliens act besides the 24-years rule and the aggregate ties rule also included the so-called starting allowance for newly arrived refugees. … At the same time it was decisive to distinguishing between people. Danes and those ‘from foreign countries’, said Krarup. “I have always been morally offended that people can come travelling to Denmark from the other side of the World and get the same social assistance as Danish citizens. It was therefore quite decisive, that the starting allowance had the overriding function, that people on the other side of the World should not just be able to come travelling to Denmark and be treated on equal footing with Danish citizens.” An other element discussed in the interview was therefore also the many new and tightened requirements for access to Danish citizenship which had been part of the same policy. (Ital.s added).
Much of the Danish 18th and 19th periodical report consist of references to legislative reforms and projects. In disentangling the contents and effects of these initiatives DACoRD would like to encourage attention to three elements: Firstly, many rules are put together in a way that at surface may look general in application, but which in fact tend to discriminate on grounds of race, colour, ethnicity, and religion. Secondly, many of the measures are tied to the disproportionate use of controls and sanctions that have the purpose of impairing or nullifying the enjoyment of rights on the political, economic, social or cultural field. This could involve loss of economic support in case of unsatisfactory participation in an introductory program,