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forced choice of residence, loss of access to permanent residence if an introductory program had not been completed for some reason, including change of rules, or forced labour on substandard conditions. Thirdly, an aim to assimilate rather than to integrate the individual in a way that may marginalize the individual and restrict the social and cultural identity of persons belonging to national, linguistic or ethnic minorities in a disproportionate manner (cf. CO 2006 nos. 17 & 22. Fourthly, many of the legislative reforms and initiatives are in the form of claw back provisions leading to a reduction in rights in the areas of civil, political, social and cultural rights. This often takes place piece by piece over consecutive years. One pertinent example is giver under Art. 5 (c).

40.

As a fourth point of concern programs and initiatives mentioned may not be realized or implemented. The Government in para 9f of the Perodic Report, refers to the Action Plan to Promote Equal Treatment and Diversity and Combat Racism of Nov. 2003, and mentions a new action plan to be published ultimo 2009. A revised action plan, however, is not yet available at the time of writing. In the 2003 Action Plan the Government refers, e.g. to two “good initiatives” at p. 9, one to secure documentation of unequal treatment in Denmark both under domestic and international law to be carried out by the Danish Institute for Human Rights and, secondly, to a hotline in the Ministry for Education for ethnic minorities and immigrants, which was supposed to assist individuals questioning the use by educational institutions of rules that could be useful for the concerns of ethnic minorities. Neither initiative has been realised.

41.

According to a pre-press statement published by Berlingske Tidende and Ritzau press agency on 5 July 2010 the 2009 Action Plan will announce a research program to map the extent of ethnic discrimination in Denmark. According to the telegram the purpose of the project is to end the negative thinking, “where one sees racism and discrimination every where”.

42.

The two last examples illustrate instances where DACoRD with its advisory and documentary functions comes into play. The Government writes in the Action Plan 2003 that it is necessary to know how and where racism and discrimination occurs, and that the documentation and knowledge in the field have to be updated and expanded. Absent action in the field by the public institutions, DACoRD tries to fill the vacuum, but lack the resources for the job compared to the public institutions. The basic cause for this is the taking of the public appropriation for DACoRD since the 2002 financial year. Public institutions, however, still expects DACoRD to do the job and turns to the organisation for information.

Roma Questions  (Art.s 2 & 5)

43.

In the 2006 Concluding observations, para. 12, The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination regretted the paucity of information on the Roma population in Denmark. Prior to that in para 8, the Committee noted with satisfaction that Roma children in Denmark no longer are subject to classes established on the basis of their ethnicity. In the Summary Record 1785, para 222 the Country Rapporteur explained that “the situation had improved in one specific area, namely education, but that in general the Committee required more information about the situation of the Roma population, which it requested in paragraph 12.”

44.

The Government responds in para. 33ff of the 18th and 19th report along traditional lines giving broad information on time periods for Roma immigrants to Denmark, but stating that the

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