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Do the kinds of political joke that get circulated in a polity depend on the structure - page 16 / 46





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Douglas Ayling

Totalitarian: The Third Reich

  • -

    Steve Lipman, Laughter in Hell: The Use of Humor during the Holocaust

(Northvale: Jason Aronson Inc., 1991)

Post-totalitarian: Post-Soviet Russia and Eastern Europe




Forbidden Laughter: Soviet Underground Jokes, compiled and ed. Emil Draitser, trans. Jon Pariser (Los Angeles, The Almanac Publishing House, 1978) David A. Harris and Izrail Rabinovich, The Jokes of Oppression: The Humor of Soviet Jews (Northvale: Jason Aronson Inc., 1988) C. Banc and Alan Dundes, You Call This Living? A Collection of Eastern European Political Jokes (London: University of Georgia Press, 1990)

Authoritarian: Franco’s Spain




Oriol Pi-Sunyer, ‘Political Humor in a Dictatorial State: The Case of Spain’, Ethnohistory, Vol. 24, No.2 (Spring, 1977), pp.179-190 Stanley H. Brandes, ‘Peaceful Protest: Spanish Political Humor in a Time of Crisis’, Western Folklore, Vol. 36, No. 4 (October 1977), pp.331-346 Uxio Valentin, ‘Franco Jokes: The Spaniards are Still Getting Even with the Generalissimo’, Journal of Popular Culture, 20: 4 (1987: Spring), pp.83-92

Whereas in the case of post-totalitarian and authoritarian regime types there are

respectively three sources for each regime type, the 304 jokes examined as instances of

totalitarian humour all come from one source and thus – despite the reasonable sample size

  • are in no way insulated against biases in the selection process carried out consciously or

unconsciously by the compiler. This is a problematic uncontrolled variable in this study –

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