and one which little can be done to guard against except by including a greater number of
sources. It ought also to be noted that whilst there are three sources for political jokes under
the authoritarian regime type, the actual total number of jokes examined (36) is very low.
Here the risk is therefore that the picture created by such a small selection of jokes is
unrepresentative or severely distorted.
It is noted here that although Uxio Valentin’s study was written 12 years after
Franco’s death, as with the other two sources for the Franco government, unless there is a
clear reason to think otherwise, I have proceeded on the assumption that the jokes presented
were in circulation under Franco qua authoritarian regime.
Having identified the sources above, it was necessary to produce an analytical
frame by which comparative work could be undertaken on sets of jokes. In order to
categorise the jokes found under each regime type I asked the question: “Does this instance
of humour seem primarily to speak to the state, the regime or the ideology of the regime (or