Use of Mobile Technologies for Sustainable Economic Transformation in the lives of rural farmers
Use of mobile something new
groups is not
had developed a
for the empowerment of
soft ware where without having
registered farmers can have their to go to a kiosk or cyber-café.
answered on a mobile phone the IIT Bombay developed a
multilingual portal called on crops or livestock in
AQUA (All Questions Answered). Farmers can now SMS either in Marathi or Hindi or English. They
questions also seek
information in advance and across it later in the offline mode. As a pilot Bombay has also installed three dozen weather –cum-disease forecasting
the IIT in and
around Nashik likely to hit the
and farmers are alerted via crops with the implications
SMS about a and possible
probable crop diseases or rainfall precautions. (Mihika B, 2007)
Mauren and Da Silva (2007) developed a pedagogical design for digital inclusion in the rural areas for farmers and the construction network of cognitive development and social capital (Learning Projects of Lea Fagundes). Galit and Michal (2007) carried out a pilot case study which aims to examine how socio-cultural and situated learning aspects are reflected in learning experiences within a novel mobile learning environment, Math4Mobile, a cellular application for mathematics learning. The study obviously laid foundation for imparting basic mathematical skills to the illiterate farmers of rural areas through mobile technology. In another study Renee etal studied the social and political challenges related to the implementation of ICT-Kiosk projects for rural development in India. In fact, the widening of telephone net work and lowering of telephone rates way back in 1999-2004 during the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) governance itself revolutionized the rural economy. Many unemployed youth, physically challenged and senior citizens got telephone connections in the rural India under self-employment schemes. In another study of far reaching consequences, Paul and Tapan (2007) showed that use of mobile technologies and information systems on the rural front reduced the
would enable even illiterate farmers and rural artisans, the interface which is a text free one. Reuben (2007)
besides vocational groups, to use conclusively showed how mobile
phones and economic development are interlinked in industries—fishing industry—in India. Hengyuan etal innovations stem from the developed world, they are
one of the most important (2007) proved that though fast embraced in developing
countries. Sudip Aryal (2007) developed a comprehensive pilot transformation of Nepal by establishing community information centers.
Types of Mobile Services available in India
As mentioned earlier that India has undergone a wonderful technological advancement in satellite communications and telecommunications is beyond any dispute. The existing mobile technologies and mobile services, besides mobile phones themselves, became quite cheaper. A mobile is available at a cost of 20-30 USD or 750-800 rupees.
The two types of Mobiles—both Groupe special Mobil (GSM) and Code Division Multiple Access system (CDMA) –are available in India. Where as Nokia garners about 40% of total mobile sector consumption in GSM mobile technology, it too offers a mobile phone with SMS and phone book, chat, conferencing, calculator facilities, etc at a cost of 25 USD. Nokia offers mobiles with radio, MP 3 player and camera at the price of 100 USD with color screen also. In CDMA category, TATA Telecom and Reliance Telecom offer localized mobile handsets with roaming facility entire country. They are much cheaper than the GSM version of Noakia, Samsung and Erickson. All these mobiles are having single sim card facility only and the mobile number has restricted use in terms of tariff and roaming services.