International Migration Report 2002
In figure II, the top twenty countries with the highest proportion of migrant stock are shown. The four highest are in Western Asia: United Arab Emirates (74 per cent), Kuwait (58 per cent), Jordan (40 per cent) and Israel (37 per cent).
About 9 per cent of the migrants are refugees. At the end of 2000, the number of refugees in the world stood at 16 million, of which 12 million are under the mandate of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and 4 million under the mandate of United Nations Relief and Welfare Agency (UNRWA). The largest number of refugees is found in Asia, 9 million and in Africa, 4 million. Three million refugees are in developed countries and 13 million in developing countries.
Beginning in the late 1970s, major changes in Governments’ views and policies on the level of immigration have been taking place, as a result of growing concerns with the economic, political and social consequences of immigration. By 2001, almost one-quarter of all countries viewed immigration levels as too high. Although developed countries are more inclined towards lowering immigration, developing countries are also moving in a similar direction towards more
United Nations Population Division4