International Migration Report 2002
Structure of the Report
The report consists of two major parts. The first part contains three chapters. Chapter one deals with the measurement of international migration. It discusses some of the challenges faced in gathering and analyzing data on levels and trends of international migration, and illustrates some of these challenges with recent examples from the work of the Population Division.
Chapter II provides a summary of major trends in international migration policies in developed and developing countries since the mid-1970s. The focus is on policies designed to influence the size and composition of international migration flows. It also discusses two policy issues that currently dominate the field of international migration: managing the various flows of immigrants and reducing undocumented migration.
Chapter III reproduces the most recent report of the Secretary-General presented to the United Nations General Assembly at its fifty-sixth session in 2001: “International migration and development, including the question of the convening of a United Nations Conference on international migration and development to address migration issues”. This document summarises the views of governments and describes recent activities carried out by the relevant organisations at the regional and international levels. Also included in this chapter is the resolution adopted by the General Assembly following its consideration of the report of the Secretary-General. This resolution provides added impetus for coordination among relevant national and international bodies. The resolution also calls for the General Assembly to further discuss the issues of international migration and development at its fifty-eighth session in 2003.
The second part of the report presents international migration profiles for each individual country and for regions, major areas and special groups of countries. Chapter IV presents information on each of the indicators and concepts used in the profiles, including definitions and primary sources of data.
Chapters V and VI present regional and country profiles, respectively. More specifically, these chapters present information for 1990 and 2000 concerning population, migrant stock, refugees, remittances and Government views and policies relating to immigration and emigration levels. Also presented is information, for the periods 1990-1995 and 1995-2000, on net migration flows.
* Part of the increase in the world international migrant stock observed between 1970 and 2000 is due to the break-up of the former Soviet Union into a number of independent countries. In 1989, there were 2.4 million persons in the USSR born outside the country. In 2000, there were a total of 29.2 million persons born outside their country for all the countries that used to be part of USSR. The break-up of the USSR has thus resulted in adding about 27 million persons to the 2000 world total international migrant stock. The increase was due to the change in classification from internal migrant to international migrant for former Soviet citizens who were living in 1989 in a Soviet Republic other than the Republic of their birth.
United Nations Population Division6